Wealthy countries have failed to allocate sufficient climate finance to nations most vulnerable to climate change.
The funds delivered, which are already lower than promised, are instead directed to tackling climate chaos in less climate vulnerable countries that are more stable, according to new research from Zurich Flood Resilience Alliance partners Mercy Corps and Concern.
Afsari Begum, Senior Specialist at Practical Action said: “This report highlights my frustrations as a practitioner in climate resilience. Years of experience have shown us that community owned and managed responses to disasters are most effective in a crisis.
“Practical Action has demonstrated there are multiple solutions which can help vulnerable communities, but if the funding does not get to those communities then they are unable to access the support they need to make these solutions come about.”
In 2009, wealthy countries promised to mobilise $100 billion a year in climate finance by 2020, but this deadline is at risk of being missed with support for building community resilience to natural hazards shockingly low, according to the report At What Cost?
Concern Worldwide’s Senior Resilience Policy Officer Sally Tyldesley says the global community is failing to invest appropriately in tackling climate chaos.
“Research from the Red Cross has revealed that, without action, climate-related disasters will lead to 200 million people needing humanitarian aid each year by 2050. If we don’t act decisively, climate chaos will have devastating impacts in the world’s most fragile nations, such as more intense and frequent weather-related hazards like floods and droughts.
“These hazards can destroy homes and livelihoods, damage essential infrastructure like schools, ruin harvests, hamper trade and human development.”
Ann Vaughan of Mercy Corps says, “Wealthy nations have mobilised trillions in their fight against COVID-19. Yet climate change remains a grave threat to humanity. Donors must also ensure climate finance reaches fragile states and climate vulnerable countries with the poorest populations.”
The report’s recommendations include calling on donor countries to:
- build climate change resilience into COVID-19 recovery plans
- honour existing commitments and invest $50 billion in public finance by the end of 2020
- set ambitious new targets for climate finance for the next five years to meet growing needs; including doubling the climate finance going to the most fragile and climate vulnerable countries;
- support fragile and vulnerable countries to adapt to the impacts of climate change and build resilience to natural hazards for the long-term.
The report says there are many reasons why countries most at risk from climate chaos are not prioritised for climate finance, such as:
- bilateral donors in particular have been found to preferentially allocate finances to countries that have a stable and hospitable business environment
- donors financing strategies have also been shown to be based on political or historical alliances and geography.