Strengthening resilience of climate change-affected communities in south-western coastal area of Bangladesh
Duration: July 2011 – June 2013
Supported by: United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and Global Environment Fund (GEF)
The pilot project is a part of a global Community-Based Adaptation (CBA) Project of the UNDP/GEF. The Practical Action Bangladesh-implemented component of the CBA Project is co-funded by the UNDP/GEF and Practical Action.
The goal of this initiative is to strengthen the resilience of coastal communities of Bangladesh under climate change regime through ecosystem and livelihoods protection. More specifically the project will improve the adaptive capacity of four villages (400 households directly) of Atulia union of Satkhira district by introducing appropriate knowledge and technologies to cope with increased salinity conditions over the project period. In doing so, the proposed initiative will demonstrate relevant adaptive measures, approaches, and interventions that will build resilience of the salinity-affected vulnerable communities in terms of biodiversity and ecosystem management thereby reducing their climatic risks and securing their employment, food and income.
Outcomes and Outputs
Outcomes (long-term benefits):
- Improved capacity and representation of local people and institutions to influence climate change adaptation and biodiversity protection plans.
- Sustainable aquaculture practiced in salinity-affected fish and shrimp farms mitigating at least 30% loss.
- Negative pressure on natural aquatic animals (at least 5 species) reduced to a measurable extent.
- Local ecosystem and peoples’ resilience improved as a whole through plantation.
- Project lessons captured and mainstreamed with NAPA 2005, BCCSAP 2009 and Biodiversity Programme of Action 2020 for up scaling.
Outputs (short-term benefits):
- Understanding and awareness of the communities, 10 local NGOs, and local government institutions of Atulia union on the impacts of climate change, climate variability and biodiversity conservation enhanced.
- Thirty skilled volunteers developed as ambassadors to climate change adaptation and biodiversity monitoring.
- Adaptive model of biodiversity and environment sensitive shrimp farming demonstrated in salinity-affected increasing 40% household income.
- Adaptation of selected aquatic animals and recent changes in fish-farming due to salinity intrusion in Atulia union recorded
- Participatory aquatic biodiversity monitoring system practiced by community people, Union Parishad, local NGOs and at least 3 government line departments.
- Off-farm activities practiced by 10% of 400 households (mostly women) to divert pressure from natural resources.
- Two community nurseries of suitable plant species (wind-resistant and salinity) established with women-headed households.
- Rehabilitation of mangrove plant species at 2,500 households and institution premises.
- Project learning documented & widely disseminated in coastal regions.
This project is part of Practical Action Bangladesh's Reducing Vulnerability programme.