Nodepage

Renewable energy

The electricity supply is very important, both to meet the basic needs of domestic consumption and to undertake livelihood-generating activities. Lack of access to electricity can accentuates and perpetuate extreme poverty, especially in rural areas. The usual strategy to increase electricity coverage is the expansion of the national electricity system. This solution, however, presents serious difficulties in reaching remote rural populations and dispersed by the high costs of grid extension in the complex Andean geography.

According to the latest Human Development Report, UNDP, nearly 9 million inhabitants of the Andean countries have no access to basic electricity: Peru has almost 6.5 million people without access to electricity and rural electrification ratio is 35%, while in Bolivia are more than 1.7 million with a 32% ratio, which expresses deep problems in equal opportunities.

Considering the current situation and plans for electricity coverage, the only option for providing electricity to these towns is through non-conventional systems, using renewable energy sources such as water (small, micro and picocentrales hydro), wind (wind turbines) and the sun (photovoltaic modules). You can also consider other sources or technologies, such as biomass and geothermal energy. In this context, Practical Action aims to:

  • Develop, validate and disseminate appropriate technologies and methodologies for rural energy planning mechanisms that promote and foster, to achieve more and better sustainable energization process in isolated rural communities of Peru and Bolivia.
  • Consolidate, develop and disseminate management models and technologies appropriate to rural contexts, using mechanisms and legal instruments (tariffs and rural concessions, for example) to make feasible mass use of renewable energy in rural poor.
  • Promote the participation of local and subnational governments of Bolivia and Peru in the design and implementation of energy policies that promote renewable energy technologies to meet the demands of isolated populations.

Impact

The project Promotion of appropriate use of electricity in the extension zones areas of electrical frontiers in Cajamarca, has been working in four provinces of Cajamarca Region (Celendín, Contai, San Miguel and San Pedro) to increase awareness in areas recently added to the national grid of the uses of electricity for productive activities, thus benefiting to 19,450 residents of 369 rural communities. The most important results of the period are as follows:

  • 4,166 households received direct information on the advantages of the use of electricity, both households and industries (through workshops, home visits, technical assistance, contact with local and regional authorities).
  • 274,101 young people from rural villages have been trained in basic electronics, and are providing services in their communities, constituting a core group of productive uses of electricity (estimated increase of 3,288 kWh / month).
  • 1,260 mothers of school-age children have been trained in the preparation of local fruit juices using a blender (estimated increase of 197 kWh / month).
  • 80 carpenters have been trained in use of power tools for woodworking and technical assistance from diesel to electric conversion (estimated increase of 15,798 kWh / month).
  • 6 rice mills and one corn are in the process of conversion from diesel to electricity. The project provided technical assistance and the development of technical documents to contract with Hidrandina power supply (an estimated increase of 17,001 kWh / month).

As part of the project Access to energy and promotion of inclusive business with biofuels in isolated communities of the Peruvian Amazon, we are working in the community of Santa Rosillo in Huimbayoc district, province and department of San Martín, benefiting 224 inhabitants of the community, which will have a pilot power generation based on the use of biogas. The most important results of the period are as follows:

  • 54 families in the community of Santa Rosillo benefit from the installation of two digesters of 75m3 (150m3 total) that will trigger a battery of two generators to produce 16 kW.
  • We have promoted the co-financing of U.S. $ 30 000 by the Regional Directorate of Energy and Mines (DREM), the Regional Government of San Martin for installation of secondary networks, San Rosillo system.
  • We support the process of reconditioning a 60 m3 digester, which will function as demonstration system at the experimental station of the National Agricultural Research Institute (INIA) in the San Martin region.

With the project Access to energy in Cajamarca communities through planning with renewable energy, we have been working in the provinces of San Marcos and San Pablo to allow people access to energy by technological innovation and the use of appropriate technologies in isolated rural areas. Includes residents, educational institutions and health outreach workers, students, community leaders and authorities and municipal technical teams. The most important results of the period are as follows:

  • 77 families and 3 community institutions Antivo Upper Peru and Suro, Tumbadén district, have received electricity for the first time (in homes and institutional, respectively).
  • Currently, they are running one solar microgrid (4 families), 23 photovoltaic modules (one per family) and one picocentral hydroelectric (4 families) that also benefit 2 institutions in Upper Peru communities.
  • 1 micro-hydropower that benefits the community Antivo Suro (45 families).
  • 5 single family tubular biodigester community Yanacancha Grande.

Through the project Electrification for remote rural jungle communities of the Amazon, we are working in Caserío de Nuevo Satipo, in the Ucayali region, in order to validate and disseminate proposed technological, organizational, innovative and sustainable biofuel production on a small scale for energy self-sufficiency of small towns in the Peruvian Amazon. The project benefits 31 families through the installation of a system for electric power generation which vegetable oil used as fuel, the same will be obtained from castor seed production. The most important results of the period are as follows:

  • At present, 10 families have electricity for 3 or 4 hours daily.
  • 31 families benefit from street lighting.
  • Performing first pilot power generation using small-scale vegetable oil, with an association of producers of castor in Ucayali.

The project Promotion Fund for Renewable Energy (FOPER), seeks to promote and implement rural electrification projects for isolated and remote areas of the connection points to the national grid, in the departments of Cajamarca and Cusco. The project will benefit more than 800 rural people accessing the service of electricity for domestic use and for the promotion of small businesses locally. The most important results of the period are as follows:

  • 850 people from the communities of Nueva Libertad in San Ignacio, Chontabamba in Chota, Chorro Blanco in San Pablo and Chambamontera in Jaen in Cajamarca, have access to electricity service using hydraulic systems for domestic use and local promotion of small businesses.
  • Five micro rural electric utilities manage and operate microhydro centres in the communities of New Freedom, Jet Black, and Chambamontera Chontabamaba.
  • The construction and operation of four new small hydro in the communities mentioned.

Solar pumping for agricultural production

The problem Because of climate change rainfull has reduced in this region of Bolivia. So, despite living close to close to Lake Titicaca, the largest lake in South America, local farmers were struggling to grow successful crops. Practical Action has helped thi...

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Improving access to energy and promoting productive livelihoods in rural communities in Cusco

Period: 2016-2017
Location: Cusco, Peru
Beneficiaries: Two families, who farm alpacas and produce wool
Kindly funded by: EKO Energy and Bergen Energi

This is a pilot project to promote access to solar energy in the Cusco region of Peru, and to encourage families who produce alpaca fibre to make better use it.

In the rural Chillca community, the main activity is the rearing of alpacas, but the alpaca wool is sold raw and unprocessed, which gives low incomes. Two families who were currently without access to energy at home were identified for the pilot project. Between them, the two families have around 290 alpacas.

Photo-voltaic (PV) solar systems were installed in December 2016, together with spinning wheels and associated equipment. The families will be trained in their use and the wool-washing process to improve the yarn quality and give added-value to the raw wool. They now have electric lights in their homes, which will also help the children to study in the evenings.

Construction of 60 kW at HPMS community Amaguaya, Municipality of Guanay Larecaja Province, Department of La Paz (Bolivia)

Period: 2012 - 2013
Location: Amaguaya Community, Municipality Guanay Larecaja Province, Department of La Paz. (Bolivia)
Beneficiaries: 800 people Amaguaya community.
Financial: Svenska PostkodStiftelsen (Swedish Postcode Foundation)
Amount: $300,000

In Peru we have nearly 20 years of experience of implementing successful micro-hydro systems to reduce poverty for the most remote and rural communities. Now we are taking our award-winning approach into other needy communites in Latin America.

In partnership with local people, we are constructing a 60kw micro-hydroelectric power scheme in the isolated rural district of Amaguaya in Bolivia, with the help of the Swedish Postcode Foundation. For the first time, the Amaguaya community of 90 families, together with their school and health centre (831 people in total), will enjoy improved lives and livelihoods arising from a regular, sustainable supply of electricity rather than relying on unhealthy kerosene lanterns and candles. We will complement the construction of the micro-hydro with training for local people on improving their businesses, as well as lobbying the Bolivian government to replicate this model across the country.

Integrated Project access to basic services and improving the quality of life for families in the community of Pucara

Period: October 2010 - September 2011
Location: Cajamarca (Peru)
Financial: Government of Aragon
Partner: Engineers Without Borders
Amount: €88,919

Comprehensive assessment for the promotion of renewable energy sources as an alternative to improve the quality of life of isolated populations of the Amazon in Latin America

Purpose: To promote a validated model for the provision of energy services that enable the establishment of social services and sustainable livelihoods, by local and regional governments, in isolated communities in the Amazon, using renewable energy sources and based on the planning and implementation of pilot projects with local governments of provinces bordering Ecuador and Peru.
Period: 2010 - 2011
Location: border areas of Ecuador and Peru
Financial: GIZ
Amount: €184,304

Energy Access in Cajamarca region communities through the Energy Planning with RES

Purpose: To develop and implement management model evidencing changes in the contribution and commitment of municipalities.
Period: 2009 - 2011
Location: Cajamarca (Peru)
Amount: €263,967

Access to energy in rural communities in the Cajamarca region through planning with renewable energy, Peru

Period: 2009-2011
Location: Cajamarca (Peru)
Financial: Generalitat Valenciana, Utebo City Council, Provincial de Zaragoza
Partner: Engineers Without Borders
Amount: €277,988

Pilot production of biofuels for energy supply of small farmers in remote areas of Amazon rainforest

Purpose: To validate and disseminate a given technological and organizational energy self-sufficiency from the sustainable management of local natural resources such as biofuels biomass in small isolated populations of the Peruvian Amazon
Period: 2010-2011
Location: Irazola District, Padre Abad province, Ucayali (Peru)
Beneficiaries: 31 families of New Caserío Satipo
Financial: CORDAID
Amount: $53,000

Bioenergy access for communities of the Peruvian Amazon

Purpose: To contribute to the reduction in poverty levels in isolated and scattered communities in the Peruvian Amazon, and thus demonstrate the technical, social, economic and environmental self-energy model based on the local production of vegetable oil Jatropha and biogas from biomass to produce electricity for the promotion of domestic, social and productive use, while improving income levels through the articulation of small producers in the local market Jatropha biodiesel
Period: 2010-2012
Location: Huimbayoc district, province of San Martin, in the San Martin (Peru)
Beneficiaries: 224 people in the community of Santa Rosillo
Financial: FACT - Foundation and Cordaid
Amount: €299,355

Pilot production of small scale biodiesel in remote areas of the Amazon rainforest

Purpose: This project tube core business is conducting a pilot biodiesel production in the grounds of the Farmers Association of New Tiwinsa in Ucayali. The project hopes to prove the technologies developed by Practical Action and the Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina (UNALM) for biodiesel production in isolated communities, develop a management system suitable for riders of biofuels and economic feasibility study, technology social and utilization of this biofuel in isolated
Period: 2008-2009
Location: Ucayali (Peru)
Financial: Directorate General for International Cooperation (DGIS) of the Netherlands
Partner: New Farmers Association Tiwinsa

Innovation and research in renewable energy technologies (IITER)

Purpose: This project seek innovation and research in renewable energy technologies, especially considering favor of the poorest and most isolated country. Right now we are working on the technical development of new innovations in microarogeneradores, improving security mechanisms and developing a new regulator, as well as river turbines, motors as generators in implementing these
Location: Peru
Period: 2007 onwards
Financial: Directorate General for International Cooperation (DGIS) of the Netherlands
Partner: University of Catalonia (UPC)
Amount: $97,515

Fund to promote renewable energy (FOPER)

Purpose: To contribute to sustainable access to electricity services for residents of isolated rural communities from the use of renewable resources such as hydro, photovoltaic and wind through the promotion of combined financing schemes, including repayable grants, loans, investment of local and regional governments, and input from system users
Period: 2006 onwards
Location: Cajamarca and Cusco (Peru) and Cochabamba (Bolivia)
Financial: local governments, producer associations, Directoraten-Generaal Samenwerking Internationale (DGIS) of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, Waterloo Foundation, Toyota Foundation
Partner: University of Catalonia (UPC), Catalan Association of Engineers Without Borders (EWB), Green Empowerment
Amount: $440,000
Further information on FOPER

CEDECAP: Demonstration and training center on appropriate technologies, renewable energy area (second stage)

CEDECAP logo Purpose: To develop local capacities in Latin America for higher and better use of renewable energy to improve the quality of life of people living in poverty, especially in rural areas
Period: 2005 onwards
Location: Latin America, based in Cajamarca (Peru)
Beneficiaries: 7,000 technicians, specialists, students, community leaders and policy makers
Financial: Catalan Agency for Development Cooperation, Generalitat de Catalunya, Barcelona Ayuntament, Centre de Cooperation Desenvolupament per the Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya, Directoraten-Generaal Samenwerking Internationale (DGIS) of the Kingdom of the Netherlands, the Spanish International Cooperation Agency development
Partner: Technical University of Catalonia, Catalan Association of EWB, Green Empowerment
Amount: €450,000

Visit the CEDECAP website www.cedecap.org.pe

CEDECAP: Demonstration and training center on appropriate technologies, renewable energy area (first stage)

Purpose: Work started in the early nineties. Since 2005 the local CEDECAP aims to develop skills in Latin America to a higher and better use of renewable energy to improve the quality of life of people living in poverty, especially in rural areas. The training activities are directed primarily CEDECAP users, students, technicians, professionals, specialists, manufacturers and policymakers related to renewable energy and appropriate technologies. From CEDECAP has been promoting a series of research, among other topics: biomass (biodiestores inexpensive family), management models for isolated power systems, rural telephony, water and sanitation, likewise supports the development of planning processes rural energy with renewable energy applications, activities that are supported by various institutions / organizations. Furthermore and in order to achieve certification of its training processes, is currently running a training experience in renewable energy for rural productive development, in agreement with the organization Fe y Alegría N ° 57 - CEFOP Cajamarca
Location: Cajamarca (Peru)
Period: 1991 to present
Financial: Catalan Agency for Development Cooperation (ACCD), Generalitat de Catalunya, Barcelona City Council, Centre for Development Cooperation (CCD) of the Polytechnic University of Catalonia (UPC), Directorate General for International Cooperation (DGIS) of the Netherlands, Spanish Agency for International Cooperation for Development (AECID)
Partner: University of Catalonia (UPC), Catalan Association of Engineers Without Borders (EWB), Green Empowerment

Development of electric operators to reduce poverty in Ecuador and Peru

Purpose: To help develop specific solutions to enhance electric service operators, contribute to institutional and financial policies for the integration of isolated rural electric systems based on the exploitation of renewable energy sources
Period: 2007-2009
Location: Peru and Ecuador
Financial: Intelligent Energy Europe Programme of the European Commission
Partner: Plot TecnoAmbiental, Solar Energy Institute of the Polytechnic University of Madrid, Fraunhofer Instituts für Solare Energiesysteme, PHK Consultants, EnerPro Integrated Technical Solutions, Natural Resources Corporation (Ecuador)
Amount: €49,000

Promotion of productive uses of electricity in rural electrified Cusco region in the field of regional utility companies electricity southeast SAA (Consulting)

Purpose: To implement a program to promote the increase of productive uses of electricity, in order to increase opportunities for income generation and improved quality of life in rural areas, that has electric service, the system Power Distribution Company of regional electric utility that SAA South
Period: 2008-2009
Location: Cusco (Peru)
Beneficiaries: 800 small producers
Finance: International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, Directorate of competitive funding from the Directorate General of Rural Electrification Department of Energy and Mines
Amount: $197,490

Implementation of a hybrid wind-photovoltaic (Consulting)

Purpose: Implementation of a hybrid wind-photovoltaic
Period: 2007-2009
Location: Campo Alegre district Namora (Cajamarca, Peru)
Beneficiaries: 100 people
Financial: United Nations Program for Development, Project Management Directorate Rural Electrification Ministry of Energy and Mines
Amount: 340,944 soles

Manual mini / micro master plan for rural electrification using renewable energy in Peru (Consulting)

Purpose: To develop a practical guide to the process for planning and construction of a mini or micro hydro
Period: 2008-2009
Location: Peru
Financial: Electric Power Development Company
Amount: 53,078 soles

Rural electrification with solar photovoltaic and picohidro in Chirinos (San Ignacio, Cajamarca)

Purpose: The project aims to improve the quality of life for residents of the district by implementing Chirinos isolated photovoltaic systems and pico hydropower for rural electrification
Period: 2006-2007
Location: Towns of San Ignacio and Chirinos (Cajamarca)
Financial: Wuppertal Institute for Climate, Environment and Energy (WISIONS) of Germany. WISIONS, Green Empowerment and DGIS
Partner: Green Empowerment

Dehydration of ethanol on a small scale biodiesel production in isolated populations of the Amazon rainforest

Purpose: To help solve the major turning point that prevents biodiesel (renewable fuel derived from organic oils or fats) Have a clean energy source economically and socially viable in isolated jungle areas: access to anhydrous ethanol (with purity greater than 99.5%)
Period: 2003-2007
Location: Lima and Amazon
Beneficiaries: The beneficiaries of this applied research potential: urban dwellers exposed to air pollution, residents of isolated villages in the Amazon rainforest without easy access to fuel, oil smallholders
Financial: National Council for Science, Technology and Innovation (CONCYTEC)
Partner: Universidad Agraria La Molina (UNALM)

Options for biodiesel production in Peru

Purpose: To develop, evaluate and promote sustainable production systems of small-scale biodiesel from native species for the provision of clean energy in the Peruvian jungle and reuse of edible oils production and use of biodiesel to significantly cut pollutant emissions and greenhouse gases from transport in urban areas
Period: 2003-2007
Location: Lima and Amazon
Beneficiaries: The beneficiaries of this applied research potential: urban dwellers exposed to air pollution, residents of isolated villages in the Amazon rainforest without easy access to fuel, oil smallholders
Financial: National Council for Science, Technology and Innovation (CONCYTEC)

Production of biodiesel from used vegetable oils: bases for sustainable production in UNALM

Purpose: Ensure continuous biodiesel production system of UNALM through training of personnel in charge, improvement and regular monitoring and evaluation process of the fuel quality and monitoring the behavior of the "Biodiesel Bus '
Period: 2004-2005
Location: Lima
Beneficiaries: Students and teachers of UNALM (Universidad Agraria La Molina)
Financial: UNALM
Amount: 10, 692 soles

Eco-Development Mayorarca

Purpose: To ensure the sustainability of the electricity system development activities focused on the organization of the service, to strengthen the technical and managerial capacity, improvements in the physical infrastructure of the service and the organization of irrigators to resolve the conflict energy-irrigation existing in the area, thus ensuring the optimal use of water resources and the efficient operation of the Micro Hydroelectric Mayorarca
Period: 2003-2005
Location: Ancash
Beneficiaries: 60 families in the community with problems Mayorarca inappropriate use of hydro energy system, and serious problems in your organization for the sustainability of the system and use of water for irrigation
Financial: Technical Cooperation of Luxembourg
Partner: Municipality Mayorarca delegate, grassroots organizations and residents
Amount: $32,600

Study of the technical characteristics and reliability improvements of a wind turbine of 100W

Purpose: To contribute to the improvement of the living conditions of low-income populations, preserving the environment, through the development, adaptation and transfer of appropriate technologies. To this end, the project aims to conduct a detailed study of the performance of a 100 W wind turbine, designed and built by Practical Action, to determine the performance characteristics and reliability. Also include improvements in design and produce a product that would be released through the transfer of technology to local manufacturers
Period: 2003-2004
Location: Lima, facilities and field trials in Huacho
Financial: National Council for Science and Technology (Concytec)
Amount: $25,000

Sustainable energy options for remote communities in Latin America

Purpose: To increase access of poor people to control and choose appropriate infrastructure services
Period: 2001-2006
Location: Ecuador, Peru and Bolivia
Beneficiaries: The direct beneficiaries are those leaders, authorities, experts, mayors who were trained in rural electrification issues. The indirect pathway are those who received the replica of the leaders, developers and technicians
Financial: Department for International Development (DFID) and Directorate-General for International Cooperation (DGIS)
Partner: Ecuadorian Foundation for Appropriate Technology (FEDETA) and the Information Center on Renewable Energy (CINER) of Bolivia
Amount: £245,207

Designing a sustainable system of production and use of biodiesel suitable for isolated populations of the Amazon

Purpose: To design a sustainable system of production and use of biodiesel for isolated populations of the Peruvian Amazon, considering inputs best suited for this purpose and tested its performance as a fuel for river transport and domestic and productive activities
Period: 2004-2005
Beneficiaries: Residents of isolated villages in the Amazon rainforest providing a new alternative for access to a clean source of energy. They are also potential users of research results, oil mills located in this region, communities dedicated to ecotourism, and numerous forest concessionaires
Financial: CONCYTEC
Amount: 33,991 soles

Fund for promotion of renewable energy

Purpose: To allow residents of isolated rural communities in the Andean region and appropriate access to local sustainable supply of electricity from renewable resources by use of a combination regimen that includes funding repayable investment, contribution of beneficiaries and lending through a fund to promote renewable energy
Period: 2005
Location: Cajamarca
Beneficiaries: 570 families in four rural villages in the region of Cajamarca
Financial: Chris Calvert and DGIS (Directorate-General for International Cooperation)
Amount: $130,000

Microhydro promotion fund

Purpose: To improve access to energy for rural populations through the implementation of micro hydro, small business training service management and promotion of productive uses of energy
Period: 2000-2005
Location: Cajamarca
Beneficiaries: Residents of small towns isolated, small farmers and rural entrepreneurs. Indirect: residents of communities near the places where micro-hydro are installed, which can access the benefits of established businesses through the power supply
Financial: Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) and Directorate-General for International Cooperation (DGIS)
Partner: Local governments and associations of producers
Amount: $8,000,000

Launch of the first green bus powered by biodiesel in Peru

Purpose: To enhance the technology for transforming used cooking oil into biodiesel, and test the quality and fuel efficiency obtained
Period: 2004
Location: Lima
Beneficiaries: Students and teachers of UNALM (Universidad Agraria La Molina)
Financial: Universidad Agraria La Molina (UNALM)
Amount: UNALM S/.3 455; Practical Action S /. 6400

Production of small scale biodiesel from oilseed Amazonian resources

Purpose: To implement a permanent system of reuse of waste oils from dining hall for biodiesel production and supply of a bus fleet UNALM
Period: 2003-2004
Location: Lima and Amazon
Beneficiaries: The natural potential users of research are the people living in villages isolated from the Amazon, who could access the technology developed to provide a new alternative energy from local resources and without prejudice to its inhabitants
Financial: National Council for Science, Technology and Innovation (CONCYTEC)
Partner: Universidad Agraria La Molina (UNALM) Y Candela Peru
Amount: S /. 24.851

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