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Energy Delivery Model Tool

To use this tool click the boxes below to select viable routes starting from the top and working down to the bottom of the framework.

Key
  • Compatible
  • Sometimes Compatible
  • Incompatible
1

The Basic Model

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User

Who is the end user of the energy service?

Public Building/Service

Including hospital, schools, clinics, community centres, public spaces and public transport using energy to provide public services

Household

Families and individual users in a domestic setting using energy for amenities of life

Enterprise

Large or small private enterprises in homes, factories, workshops or offices using energy for productive uses.

Use/Energy Service

What is the nature of the energy service required by the user?

Heating/Cooking

Space heating, water heating for drinking and washing, as well as different types of cooking including baking, boiling, frying etc

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Lighting

Lighting of outdoor and indoor spaces for safe and healthy use

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Communications

Electronic communications including mobile and fixed telephones, radio, televisions and computing applications such as internet and e-mail.

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Refrigeration

Cooling and refrigeration of spaces, food and drink and medical supplies for comfort, preservation and safety

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Process/Production

Energy is used as an input to a physical transformation, process, product or service delivery, aimed at generating income or supporting wider service access. For example pumped water, irrigation, agro-processing etc

Mobility

Transportation of people, products and materials over distance or over difficult terrain such as mountains or unbridged rivers

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End Use Energy Supply

What form of energy is put into the appliance that provides the energy service? (For example if the system is a diesel generator, select "electricity" not "liquid" here)

Solid

Including wood, charcoal, coal, peat, grasses, animal dung, husks/shells, sawdust, stalks/leaves, Municipal Solid Waste and gel fuels

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Liquid

Including fossil oils such as kerosene, diesel, petrol and paraffin as well as plant-based fuels including bioethanol and biodiesel

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Gas

Including natural gas, gas synthesised from fossil fuels and gas derived from plant material or animal matter including biogas

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Electricity

Including Alternating and Direct Current supply generated or converted from any renewable or non-renewable energy source, either used directly or via storage media such as batteries.

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Direct Conversion

Where an energy supply is converted directly from a natural energy source such as light, or potential or kinetic energy of water, into the energy service required, such as hot or pumped water

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Mechanical Power

Physical mechanical power typically in the form of torque on a rotating inertial mass which can be used for a variety of direct and indirect activities such as crushing, turning, pumping, generating etc

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Delivery System

Through what system is the energy supply delivered to the user?

Stand Alone

A system delivering the energy supply at the point of use, unconnected to other Users and self-sufficient in terms of fuel supply. For example, solar PV or biogas systems. Note that a diesel generator is not considered stand-alone here as it relies on purchase of diesel from Commodity Markets.

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Decentralised System

A system delivering an energy supply to a small to medium number of Users in a cluster with the cluster self-sufficient in terms of fuel supply, such as a micro-hydro or biofuel co-operative cluster.

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Centralised System

A system delivering an energy supply to a large number of Users connected via a physical grid or network system such as a pipeline or electrical transmission and distribution system.

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Commodity Markets

Where input fuels and/or end use energy supplies are delivered as a product to individual Users either collected at source or via distributors including wood bundles, charcoal bags, gas bottles, batteries, kerosene bottles etc.

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Self-Collection

Where users collect the energy supply themselves such as in collecting firewood, peat or residues.

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2

The Energy Equipment

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Equipment Purchase

How does the User pay for the capital equipment required to convert the original energy resource into a useable energy supply - for example, generators, mining equipment, refineries or solar home systems - or charcoal kilns and machetes for wood harvesting

Cash or Trade

Where payment for the physical equipment for delivery of the energy supply is made by the User in cash or in kind eg materials or time individually or as a group

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Credit

Where the User, individually or as a group, takes a loan from the equipment seller or a third party to enable staged repayment of the price of physical equipment for delivery of the energy supply

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Leasing

Where the User pays a charge on the basis of time for the use of the physical equipment for delivery of the energy supply but without ever taking ownership

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For Service

The User does not pay for physical equipment but instead only for the energy service itself on the basis of energy supply received eg kWh of electricity, batteries, bags of charcoal, hours of light etc

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Free

The equipment is not bought, such as in the case of self-made earth charcoal kilns, or donated or borrowed equipment

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No Equipment

There is no physical equipment associated with the provision of the energy vector (such as in the case of self-collection of wood).

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Equipment Ownership

Who is the legal owner of capital equipment other than appliances associated with provision of the Energy Supply?

Government

The public/state in the form of the local or national government or a nationalised firm or utility retain ownership of physical equipment

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Energy Company

A private company either local, domestic national or multinational, including Energy Service Companies (ESCOs), retain ownership of physical equipment

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Community

A not-for-profit civil society group or community-based organisation comprising of Users in some form, including a co-operative or Users Committee, retain ownership of physical equipment

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User

The User Household, Enterprise or Public Building/Service retains ownership of physical equipment

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No Owner

There is no capital equipment associated with the provision of the energy service - particularly in the cases of self-collection of the energy vector from natural woodland or peat

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Equipment Maintenance

Who has primary responsibility for operation and maintenance of the delivery system other than appliances? ( including after-sales service)

Government

The public/state in the form of the local or national government or a nationalised firm is directly responsible for managing and maintaining the system including collecting any tariffs

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Energy Company/ Private Organisation

One or more private companies either local, domestic national or multinational, are responsible for the management and maintenance of the system under contract to an owner or as an owner operator

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Community

The community of Users in the form of a co-operative, User Society or other structure is responsible physically and financially for the management and maintenance of the system

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User

The individual User is responsible physically and financially for the management of their own energy supply system, including in cases of self-collection

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Equipment Financing

The way in which provision of the energy service is financed not including design and piloting

Capital Support

Public or donor financial support is provided at the stage of construction or installation of the physical capital equipment including fuel production, fuel processing, generation and/or appliances

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Ongoing Supply Support

Public or donor financial support is provided to the energy product or service suppliers on an ongoing basis such as in subsidy of operating and maintenance costs or risk underwriting

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Ongoing Demand Support

Public or donor financial support is provided direct to Users to support their purchase of energy products or services including voucher schemes, consumer credit and tariff subsidies

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None/Private

No public or donor financial support is provided and all financing is by private companies/investors and/or Users themselves

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3

The Energy Resource

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Resource Rights

Which party has the legal right to manage and exploit the original energy resource converted to the energy supply? (This may be on a concession, ownership or natural rights basis).

Government/State

The nation retains the rights to the energy resource and also manages it directly through a ministry, local government branch or nationalised company

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Private Owner

A private company or individual has the rights to exploit and manage the energy resource for profit, generally paying a percentage of profits to the state in a concession agreement or taxes.

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Community

The community has the rights to the resource and manages it within rules agreed with resource users and in some cases state agencies, such as in the case of natural forest management.

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User

The user owns the resource directly such as in the case of wood from home gardens, biogas from owned farm animals or self generation from water resources on land used by the owner.

Free/None

The original energy resource is free, such as in the case of sunlight or wind, or there are no clear rights associated with the energy resource.

4

The Appliance

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Appliance Purchase

How are the appliances (for example lightbulbs, stoves, pumps etc) which convert the energy supply into the required energy service, obtained and funded?

User Responsibility

Where the initiative expects the user to find appliances themselves in local markets once the energy vector is available, eg in the case of a grid connection with no specific support

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Assisted User Purchase

Where the initiative provides assistance via micro-finance, donation or subsidy of appliances to the user using funds from any source including donor/charitable funds, investment or carbon funds.

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Supported Supply

Where the initiative provides support to appliance manufacturers, designers, marketers etc to produce appliances which the user can then obtain either assisted or unassisted.

Integrated Delivery

The energy supply and the appliance are delivered within the same physical package to the user such as in a solar lantern or wind pump system

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No Appliance

No appliance is required for the provision of the energy service, for example in the case of heating from a biomass boiler, or a wind powered water pump.

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Appliance Ownership

Who is the legal owner of the appliance?

Government

The public/state in the form of the local or national government or a nationalised firm or utility retain ownership of the appliance

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Energy Company

A private company either local, domestic national or multinational, including Energy Service Companies (ESCOs) retains ownership of the appliance

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Community

A not-for-profit civil society group or community based organisation comprising of Users in some form, including a co-operative or User’s committee retains ownership of the appliance

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User

The user household, enterprise or public building/service retains ownership of the appliance

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Appliance Maintenance

How is the appliance maintained?

User Responsibility

The end user is responsible both physically and financially for the maintenance and management of their own appliance

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Warranty

Responsibility for the maintenance of the appliance falls to the appliance retailer/supplier, or the energy company either for a defined time period, such as the supply contract, or for the lifetime of the product

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Local Community Technician

A community maintenance scheme is in place using trained local personnel, or contracted technicians

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No Maintenance

There is no maintenance required for the appliance, for example in the case of single use items such as light bulbs

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Appliance Manufacturing Model

Where is the appliance manufactured?

Local Production

The appliance is produced locally to its final point of use: either within the community, for example by small scale initiatives or artisans, or within a nearby town. Artisans are trained to a basic standard, reflected by the scale and quality of production.

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National Production Facility

The appliance is produced on a larger scale within the country of final use, either in a factory or dedicated manufacturing facility. The quality of production is regulated and standardised, partially automated, and using more advanced tools and skilled specialised technicians.

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Imported

The appliance is imported from another country, where large scale manufacturing is carried out, usually to a high quality, and using standardised materials and equipment. The appliance is often made to a standardised design that has undergone a period of R&D.

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5

The Initiative

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Initiative Management

How is the overall energy initiative (whether it is a project or company) led and managed?

Shareholder Owned Company

The initiative is managed and led primarily by a company with shareholders investing on the basis of a shared return and having a divisional or project manager assigned to lead the initiative.

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Individually Owned Company

The initiative is managed and led primarily by a company led by an individual or small group with direct personal investment and involvement in the operation of the initiative

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Civil Society/NGO

The initiative is managed and led primarily by civil society groups including church, community, Community Based Organisations (CBOs) or NGOs which may be arranged as a consumer or producer society, or co-operative

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Government

The initiative is managed and led primarily by local or national government either directly or through a state company or through a contract or concession with another agency to provide the service to government specifications.

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Donor/International Agency

The initiative is managed and led primarily by a donor organisation such as multi- or bi-lateral donors or international agencies such as the UN system.

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Partnership/ Consortium

The initiative is mainly managed through some kind of partnership or coalition agreement between a mixture of the previously specified types of organisation.

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