Food security in Bangladesh

Increasing Food and Nutritional Security for the Resource Poor Farmers in Jamalpur and Faridpur Districts

Duration: 25 May 2005 – 24 May 2009
Supported by: European Union (EU)
Status: Completed on time

Practical Action Bangladesh has completed a FoSHoL component. The overall focus of the project was to improve food and nutritional security of resource-poor farmers (RPFs) in the selected areas of Jamalpur and Faridpur regions of Bangladesh. The purpose of the project gave an opportunity to create social, technical and institutional environment for the target households to increase agricultural production, thus income for improving nutritional and livelihood security. The project directly worked with 7,500 resource-poor farm families of 79 villages in association with 10 partner NGOs.

Expected results

  1. Productivity of target beneficiaries farming system increased and environmentally sustained
  2. Income of beneficiaries from non-farm and agro-processing activities increased and they are better informed, knowledgeable and skilled to respond to market opportunities
  3. Capacity of partners (NGO's, service delivery agencies, local government departments) strengthened to respond to the needs of the resource poor farmers
  4. Access of the target beneficiaries to get services from the relevant government agencies and to have control over local natural resources improved through advocacy

Major impacts

  • The protein and nutritious food consumption increased at household level by 2-3 times compared with the baseline.
  • Food diversification took place, thus, per capita dietary energy supply increased.
  • A clear improvement of child health (under-5) was evident.
  • More conscious households, with ability to providing balanced diet for themselves and their offsprings to improve pre-project undernourished situation.
  • The target families were able to feed themselves on average for >11 months per year with own-farm production (baseline 6.3 months per year) and about 90% of the households (baseline 9%) have 9-12 months food provisioning.
  • Most of the families are able to take 3 meals a day, consume fresh vegetables daily, consume fish or eggs every 2-3 days and meat at least twice a month.
  • The average annual household income increased almost by 4 times.
  • Around 64% of the target HHs is better prepared for natural calamities.
  • Migration reduced by almost 50% in the area.
  • Advanced selling of labour and selling of productive assets have decreased in 86% of the households.
  • Female participation in technical, social and organisational activities increased considerably.
  • Receiving services, like medical treatment increased substantially.
  • The number of people attended training sessions and those subsequently utilised the gathered knowledge were almost the same in agriculture, livestock and fisheries sectors.
  • Piloted three bio-villages where the interventions were very much focused on climate change in the project area.

The FoSHoL-Practical Action project has successfully completed all planned activities within the stipulated time-frame. The project effectively faced the challenges in implementing project ideas and approaches with innovative methods. The 75 community-based organizations (CBOs), 751 Rural Technology Extentionists (RTEs), 2 Rural Technology Centres (RTCs) and 10 partner NGOs (PNGOs) capacity have been identified as vital elements for sustainability of the project interventions. As exemplified by the project – the community-based extension system is the appropriate way to take technologies at the door step of the farmers within a minimum period.

Project outline and newsReducing Vulnerability programme

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