Nodepage

Healthy homes

Practical Action Nepal

People in rural areas rely on traditional energy resources such as wood and agricultural residues for cooking and heating their homes.  These biomass fuels contribute to significant levels of smoke causing health hazards mostly for women and children.

This programme aims to improve the health  of women and children in poor households by improving indoor air quality, increasing access to clean household energy, household sanitation, and by providing safe drinking water. 

The technologies and processes focus on

  • reducing indoor air pollution 
  • improved ventilation and stoves,
  • on-site sanitation,
  • water treatment and storage 

A household-centered approach will be used, linked to communal services when required. These actions are supported at levels beyond households through raising awareness of hygiene, advocacy and influencing through partners and network such as National and Regional Forum for Smoke, Health and Household Energy, GEWNET, NGO Forum for Water among others.

Practical Action has published the second volume of the Smoke, health and household energy report covering scaling-up methods, monitoring and assessment of smoke alleviating technologies, health impacts and cost benefit of interventions. The report is available online.

Inventory of Innovative Indoor Air Pollution Alleviating Technologies in Nepal

Inventory of Innovative Indoor Air Pollution Alleviating Technologies in Nepal
This illustrated report is a compilation of information on innovative Indoor Air Pollution (IAP) alleviating technologies that are being promoted in Nepal - a range of cooking stoves, briquetting technology, smokehoods, biogas technology, solar and electric cooking technology. It ends with conclusions & recommendations, plus annexes of further contacts.

Indoor Air Pollution and Health Forum, Nepal
The following issues of the forum's quarterly newsletter are available to download:

Smoke hood rescues Nima and her family

In Rasuwa district Practical Action has been helping families eradicate indoor smoke. Life is hard for Sonam and Nima. Sonam works in his 16 ropani of land all day and Nima works round the clock cooking and taking care of their children and cattle. Their kitchen is also their bedroom - a refuge for indoor smoke.

Nima's kitchen is poorly ventilated and the indoor smoke caused Nima's health to ail. Due to improper combustion, she tired easily and complained of chest pains, headaches and eye irritation.

Sonam on the other hand could not comprehend his wife's complaints and had not paid much attention to his wife's deteriorating health. "I talked to my friend, Bhume Lama, about my problems who happened to be a smoke hood manufacturer promoted by Practical Action. After listening to my problems and considering the fact that our kitchen is also our bedroom he advised me to install a smoke hood," he says.

He talked to his wife about the benefits of smoke hood and agreed to install it but the cost of installation would amount to NRs. 5,000. "I had to install it for the benefit of my family," he says. "I paid NRs. 1,000 as a down payment and obtained NRs. 4,000 as a loan from the village revolving fund" He pays NRs. 150 per month to the revolving fund to repay his loan.

After installation of the smoke hood Nima already feels the difference. Her eyes no longer waters and she no longer has headaches or chest pains. She spends more time outdoors as the cooking time has decreased significantly due to stove improvement leading to efficiency.

Sonam recently formed a group of 20 households to share his knowledge and experiences. Practical Action provided seed money to start a VRF for the sole purpose of smoke hood installation. All the members from Sonam's group have installed smoke hoods in their homes. "People now come to me seeking information on IAP and smoke hood, I am happy to share my knowledge and experience with them," he proclaims.

SWASHTHA Strengthening, water, air, sanitation and hygiene treasuring health

Implementation dates: January 2009 - December 2012
Co-funding: EC NSA Nepal, UN-Habitat, Isle of Man Government

This project aims to develop and promote integrated approaches by addressing major environmental health risks, such as indoor air quality, water quality, sanitation facilities and hygiene behaviours to create healthy homes benefiting 30,000 women and children in urban and peri urban settlements of Bharatpur, Butwal, Gulariya and Tikapur Municipalities.

The project also addresses a few urban environmental problems of neighbouring municipalities and small towns, ie., Ratnanagar, Ramgram, Sidharthanagar, Sunawal, Bardaghat and Kawasoti. The four year project is co-funded by the European Union under its Non State Actors in Development (NEPAL) programme, the UN-HABITAT's Water for Asian Cities Programme and Isle of Man Government. The project is implemented through its local partners - Environment and Public Health Organisation (ENPHO), MuAN, respective municipalities and small towns.

Project summary: SWASHTHA

Project: Scaling-up of indoor smoke alleviating technologies

Implementation dates: March 2008 - August 2010
Total project budget: GBP 100,000.00
Co-funding: USEPA (75%), DGIS (13%) and Gap (12%)

Practical Action Nepal has been implementing its project 'Scaling-up of indoor smoke alleviating technologies' in Gorkha and Dhading districts since March 2008 with financial support from USEPA, DGIS and Gap.

The project aims to reduce the major health risks of women and children from kitchen smokes that mainly affect the lives of women and small children. It further aims to ensure mechanisms to increase access to smooth supply of quality smoke hoods through sustainable market promotion, including facilitation to create a market-based institutional delivery system through promotion of reliable manufacturers and suppliers. Facilitate to develop linkages of customers with appropriate credit facilities through revolving fund mechanisms, local micro finance institutions and other financial intermediaries. The project beneficiaries are 3000 women and children. The project is implemented in partnership with Goreto Gorkha and Prayash Nepal.

Project objective: Awareness creation on the adverse health impact of indoor air pollution among rural poor and empower them to adopt appropriate interventions to bring the pollution at safer level and thereby reduce the adverse health impact.

Contact person: Min Bikram Malla

This was completed in August 2010

Project highlights 2008-9 | Project highlights 2007-8

Inventory of Innovative Indoor Air Pollution Alleviating Technologies in Nepal
This illustrated report is a compilation of information on innovative Indoor Air Pollution (IAP) alleviating technologies that are being promoted in Nepal - a range of cooking stoves, briquetting technology, smokehoods, biogas technology, solar and electric cooking technology. It ends with conclusions & recommendations, plus annexes of further contacts.

South Asia Regional Workshop on Indoor Air Pollution, Health and Household Energy 27-28 February 2006, Kathmandu
Practical Action Nepal organised this workshop to share and discuss existing policy provisions and best practices.

Global Leadership Award March 2007
The Partnership for Clean Indoor Air (PCIA) has awarded Practical Action Nepal the Global Leadership Award for its vision, initiative and action to achieve the mission of partnership in improving people's health, livelihood and quality of life by reducing Indoor Air Pollution. The award was presented to Jun Hada when she was participating in the international PCIA Forum workshop in Bangalore, India.

Project highlights 2008-9 | Project highlights 2007-8

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