Haladete-East is a village located 40 km North from the city of Kassala, Eastern Sudan. It is a home of over 4800 people, from which 2850 are women. This is a story of an amazing water initiative that benefited not only one family but the entire village of Haladete-East!
Access to water has always been a serious problem in Haladete-East. Because there was no water nearby, people had to walk every day nearly three hours, through deserted roads, to collect water. Their only source of water was a remote hand-pump that was unreliable. The walks to collect water were tough and because of the heavy weight, only limited amount of water could be brought back to the village. Because of this, water could only be used to absolute necessities such as cooking and drinking.
To solve the problem, Practical Action launched a project called Aqua for East. The project, funded by DFID, aimed to improve the water security for the benefit of the whole community. To do this, Practical Action needed to build a water tank that would be big enough to provide water for 4800 people!
The first step in the project was to identify a location with a steady underground water supply (through hydrological studies and water catchment surveys). This ensured that the water supply would not run dry – even during the driest times. Once the right location was selected, Practical Action build the water tank, including two different distribution stations. One station was for women and the other for men. Each station included six water taps.
What makes this project so special, is the substantial community engagement. With the help of Practical Action, people living in the village established a Water Committee that looked after the management of the water distribution, including financial management and preparations should a damage occur.
Because of the Aqua for East initiative, the life of the people living in Haladete-East is now easier, healthier, more dignified and joyful. To summarise:
1. People do not need to walk long distances to collect water anymore. They now have an easy access to clean water for drinking, cooking and cleaning. In addition, small scale farming and animal farming have benefited from the secured water supply.
2. The initiative has had a tremendous impact on improved hygiene. Villagers are now able to wash their hands and shower more often, to do laundry and clean their homes. Furthermore, the food is less contaminated and diet more healthier due to in-house cultivated vegetables.
3. More girls are going to school instead of collecting water. In addition, they have more time to socialise and participate in income generating activities.
Nafish O’shak, one of the villagers, said: “Before, the community health promoters used to give us strong hygiene advice, but without water we could not do what we were advised to do. Now we have sufficient water and we are very hygienic. Our clothes, food and houses are extremely clean.“
Is that a revolutionary impact or what?No Comments » | Add your comment
Wadi el Ku catchment management project is an EU funded programme jointly implemented by Practical Action, UNEP and the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, and Irrigation in North Darfur.
Wadi el Ku is situated near El Fasher town and covers an area of 50km with 34 villages. There are a number of internally displaced people and the area suffers from conflict, poor government resources and poor water use which lead to environmental degradation and negative effects on people’s livelihoods.
The project supports
- Development of inclusive Natural Resource Management (NRM) with a focus on water
- Promotion of better livelihood practices and techniques
- Building institutional capacities
The project organised a learning visit to East Sudan for North Darfur extension officials and community leaders on Integrated Water Resource Management (IWRM), agriculture, livestock and forestry innovation. This formed part of the project’s capacity building programme for government institutions.
Objectives of capacity building for this project are:
- To improve the state government’s capacity to deliver services to local communities through enhancing the knowledge and skills of government staff
- To coordinate natural resource management institutions for joint policy decisions at different levels of government and local community through relationship building.
Objectives of the visit:
To demonstrate relevant technological innovations, practices and approaches in the fields of agriculture, livestock, forestry and IWRM in Sudan to government extension officials and community leaders that would be applicable and useful to North Darfur and to the Wadi El Ku catchment in particular.
Specifically the in-country learning visit is aimed at the following objectives:
- To provide exposure to extension officials and community leaders from North Darfur to successful IWRM and NRM practices in other parts of Sudan
- Learn about successful agricultural, livestock and forestry technology adoption and practices in Sudan
- To bring a rich learning experience on NRM and IWRM practices, an agricultural/livestock/forestry techniques to North Darfur
On August Ms. Mariam Ibrahim from UNEP, Sudan visited the Eastern States on a scoping mission to prepare for the visit. In October 2016 team from North Darfur visited the Ministries of Livestock, Agriculture and Forestry. The met with His Excellency the Minister of Livestock and made field visits to Gedarif Center for Improved Animal Production Techniques, Shwak Quarantine Station and the Regional Veterinary Laboratory.
Meeting our brothers from west Sudan was a once in a life time opportunity that give the whole group the chance to interact on both a professional and humanitarian level.
The visit provided a valuable opportunity to observe and learn about NRM practices from other parts of Sudan and allowed participants to share their own experiences from Wadi El Ku, making it truly a two-way learning exchange.
The two parties presented their activities at a final work shop. This was a great opportunity for the Gedarif State participants to learn about the Wadi el Ku project.No Comments » | Add your comment
Integrated water resources management (IWRM) is an important approach for the sustainable use of water resources, involving different sectors, while maintaining sustainability and observing regulation.
Active community involvement is vital for a sustainable natural resources management approach. The principles of IWRM applied at a local level require a participatory community-driven approach where all water users and water sources are considered and prioritized by the communities.
Aqua4East project in Kassala
Under this project, IWRM committees were formed with 22 male and eight female members. All were experienced in water management and were trained to have a clear understanding of their roles and responsibilities.
One of Aqua 4 East activities carried out by our partner the Elgandual network of rural development, was a 3 day training workshop about establishing catchment networks. Participants represented all members of catchment committees in addition to Elgandual staff members and HAC representatives.
The workshop introduced participants to:
- The concept of networking
- Preparing the network’s vision and mission
- Setting up the organizational structure
- Job descriptions for network members
- Developing a facilitation and coordinating committee for the network of representatives of participating committees.
By the end of the training the network was set up with ten members – eight men and two women. The role and regulation of the network was discussed by HAC representative, network roles agreed and the committee trained on drafting their action plan
The next step will be to hold a workshop in Kassala with representatives of IWRM committees at the catchment level and partners to identify the objectives of the network.No Comments » | Add your comment
Practical Action, in collaboration with Kassala Women Development Association Network (KWDAN), organized an environmental sanitation campaign in four villages in the Talkok area, Toiat, Temegrif, Tahjer Kanjer and Bariay.
The slogan for the campaign was ‘Environmental sanitation is everyone’s responsibility!’
The campaign was launched in Twaite village on 30 January and continued for two days, before moving on to the other villages. The first day in Twaite proved a success with the local community adopting the ideas.
The organisations that participated in this campaign were the HAC, Practical Action, Kassala Women Association Network, and Talkok Health Office. It was a good idea to start in the boy’s school because children are the future, we rely on them.
Children were motivated by the campaign slogan and toured the village urging others citizens to see sanitation as an important part of a healthy life.
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To increase access to clean fuels and spread the benefits to health and environment, Practical Action is scaling up by using the Participatory Market System Development Approach (PMSD).
This approaches involves all actors and stake holders in a dialogue with communities to discuss barriers and ways to overcome these barriers to further develop market systems for LPG as a clean fuel.
Workshops were held at state and federal levels with government agencies and ministries, the private sector, LPG companies, LPG distribution agents, the Ministry of Finance, energy research and financial institutions. They joined community representatives to map the market chain and discuss LPG markets, their constraints and how these could be solved.
The LPG project team leads an influencing process to address barriers. An environment protection forum including all stakeholders at state level and a sustainable energy network at national level, have been established by Practical Action to advocate for alleviation of barriers to the access of poor people to environment friendly technologies. These cover aspects such as tax and duty charges.
Other activities include:
- Linking Women’s Development Associations to LPG companies and financial institutions
- Forming saving and loan groups to access loans where the initial cost is a major barrier to poor people’s access to clean fuel technologies
- Awareness raising through local and international media, sharing knowledge and experience with all stakeholders and linking private sector social investment departments to carbon finance experience
The Aqua4East project in Telkok is working towards its communities becoming Open Defecation Free (ODF). This will be achieved through practical activities such as latrine construction, burying faeces and keeping compounds and stream beds clean. The project is encouraging the Darasta community to use the Community Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach.
The group which was trained in these methods noted an improvement in latrine construction and encouraged people to build their own household latrines. In the past other organizations built latrines for some households but they were not used properly. Now people understand their importance better and most of them are used.
Sita Ahmed Adam, aged 25, said that she and her family have started digging and soon they will have their own latrine. They now understand that their faeces can contaminate their hands and their food if they do not properly dispose of their waste.
Amna Omer Hohamoud, aged 20 and her husband attended the CLTS training and recounted the importance of the family working together – wife, husband and children. They have now completed and use their latrine.
“Now we feel comfortable we have the latrine inside the house and avoid people looked at us and we go in the open, Also we know how to clean our hands after visiting the latrine with soap or ash.”
The community members told us that the appearance of faeces on the street are less now that defecating in the open has reduced. They hope soon to be open defecation free.1 Comment » | Add your comment
Kassala Talkok village is a place where many people produce and innovate. But there is one big problem – they do not know how to market their products.
To address this Practical Action Sudan organised a workshop centered on the concepts and application methods of Participatory Market Systems Development (PMSD), as part of the Aqua 4 East project.
The rationale behind this training is the need to expand the understanding of project participants about their own obstacles and constraints in order to enable them to engage in community development with extensive perspective and knowledge.
Unlike other approaches PMSD suits such situations where community capability and readiness is restricted by a variety of factors that hindering their applications. Almost all the participants were new to this approach and were excited by its features.
The facilitation of the training was done by an expert who has previous working experiences in the same field with Practical Action, which helped the workshop reach its objective
The objective of this training was to enable representatives of local communities and Aqua 4 East project partners to participate in their communities and institutions to contribute to the achievement of project goals through the application of market development systems.
Specific training objectives
To enable participants to understand the approach to market development systems through identifying:
- Tools used in the participatory market system development
- Guidelines steps involved in development of markets systems
- How to use the application method on the ground
As a result of the training participant acquired the skills and knowledge of practical and scientific PMSD and its application on the ground. They learned the basic steps of the road map approach to market development systems and how to apply them along with a knowledge of the markets systems partners of the market at various levels and roles of each partner’s specific market.1 Comment » | Add your comment
The DfID funded Aqua 4 East water and sanitation (WASH) project in Talkok aims to increase women’s participation in its project activities despite the status of women in the locality.
Women’s participation in WASH projects can have many benefits. It can contribute to the achievement of specific objectives regarding the functioning and use of facilities and also to the of wider development goals. Their participation can also be of both direct and indirect benefit to the women themselves.
The potential contribution of women to these objectives emerges logically from their traditional participation in water supply and sanitation as domestic managers. Women decide where to collect water and according to the season, how match water to collect and how to use it. In their choice of water source, they make reasoned decisions based on their own criteria of access, time, effort, water quantity, quality and reliability. In addition, much of the informal learning about water and sanitation takes place through interpersonal contact between women.
Therefore women’s opinions and needs have important consequences for the acceptance, use and readiness to maintain new water supplies and for the health impact of the supply and for the ultimately of the project.
Women’s participation in catchment committees is mainly administrative. For the first time women from Talkok from the Hadandwa tribe, attended training outside their villages. They have a tradition and culture that puts them under men’s control even within the village so meetings in the presence of men are not possible. The Elgandoul network for rural development which is responsible for the implementation of this part of the project, played a very important role is the discussions and negotiations with local authority leaders. As a result, they allowed six women from the areas participating in the three catchments to attend the three day integrated water resource management training workshop together with men in Kassala.
At the end of the training Talkok leaders were convinced of the value of women’s participation and decided to allow them to attend future training sessions.1 Comment » | Add your comment
As one of the activities of the low smoke stove project we established twenty saving and loan committees in El Fasher town to spread the concept of saving among women’s groups. The hope is to empower women and also to contribute to improving women’s lives.
Most of our beneficiaries are poor women, the majority did not complete their education and have little or no income. Most of women are small traders in vegetables or handcrafts. However for those making local perfume, and food processing, their capital is too small to expand their trade to increase their profit.
We introduced the idea of savings and loans to help women to overcome these economic barriers. These committees are not new but we are trying to introduce a model of savings and loans that help the women to be more organized, to have a good understanding of the concept and the ability to take on and manage the loan.
Many women now are very happy following their involvement in savings and loan committees, Some started income generating activities that help to pay school fees for their children. In addition they are making social relationships among women’s groups which will help them exchange ideas and share knowledge.
Furthermore women groups have been able to provide equipment based on women’s needs. They pay in advance to acquire LPG stoves and thereafter in monthly installments. In some cases some women cannot afford to pay the advance, so the saving committee lend them money to pay this.
We found among the saving and loan committees’ women headed the household and took all home responsibilities. This group of women needs support to build their capacity in managing a revolving fund and to build managerial skills. This will help encourage the women to start investing and to take a loan from the committees and as well as giving them access to financial institutions. As the saving model has been successful, other women have been persuaded to copy the idea.
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The Livestock Epidemio Surveillance Programme (LESP-ES) aims to improve the livelihoods and resilience to food insecurity of about 427,000 vulnerable rural smallholders in the three Eastern Sudan states Kassala, Gedaref and Red Sea.
The planned interventions aim to strengthen the technical capacities of regional veterinary services through achieving three results:
- Technical capacities for coordinated epidemio-surveillance and control of trans-boundary animal diseases strengthened at state level
- Diagnostic capacity of veterinary laboratories and quarantine facilities at state and locality levels improved.
- Awareness and skills of rural livestock producers and other stakeholders concerning animal health, production and trade are improved.
One of the main concerns is the improvement of the diagnostic capacity of veterinary laboratories and quarantine facilities at state and local levels. Activities that will help achieve this are the improvement of the work environment through rehabilitation of the Gedarif Veterinary Regional laboratory, provision of furniture and increasing the capacity of cold chain facilities for storage of samples. The Regional Veterinary Research Laboratory plays a crucial role in livestock export through the diagnosis of trade relevant diseases such as Brucella.
Dr. Hatim Hamad, director of the laboratory, indicated that the support he had received from Practical Action through LESP project is unprecedented and could not be afforded by the Ministry of Finance. He indicated that the enhancement of the work environment had contributed positively to best practices and the support to the cold chain facilities enable the laboratory to accommodate the samples of more than 13 veterinary professionals pursuing their Masters degrees as well as the training of veterinarians and veterinary technicians/
He also noted that the support received enabled the laboratory to open a new tick identification and classification unit taking in consideration the importance of tick borne diseases. He added that the epidemio-surveillance field missions executed through the project will enable the collection of tick samples from different state localities and during this period he had successfully identified Hyaloma species for the first time in Gedarif State.
He indicated that the provision of better diagnostic tools and equipment will improve the diagnostic capacities of the lab tremendously and help in meeting the OIE requirement which is considered one of the major ways in which the programme has added value.
Dr Hamad expressed his appreciation for the efforts exerted by Practical Action towards the development of Eastern Sudan States and his wish to continue cooperation between Practical Action and Ministry of Livestock in the future.1 Comment » | Add your comment