Sofrul Islam

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Recommended reading: http://www.practicalaction.org

Posts by Sofrul

  • Bangladesh can eradicate extreme poverty by 2022

    October 21st, 2014

    Bangladesh has the capacity to eradicate extreme poverty by 2022. To achieve this Bangladesh needs to bring one million extreme poor families out of poverty each year until 2020.  Bangladesh has 2.5 billion extreme poor people or nearly 60,000,000 families in different locations such as riverine areas and chars, according to Household Income and Expenditure Survey 2010. Extreme poverty is often chronic and lasts for years affecting generation after generation.

    To bring down extreme poverty, all stakeholders, both public and private, need to take collective action that includes the design and implementation of a national programme to enable these families to be engaged with the market. MA Quader Sarker, secretary to RDCD, said, “We’ll do everything to ensure that the extreme poor have a fair chance at a free and dignified life.”

    Extreme poor group of Gaibanda district, Bangladesh

    Families from Gaibandha

    The manifesto to eradicate extreme poverty proposes three actions:

    1. Design and implement a national programme of livelihood transforming initiatives to rapidly eradicate extreme poverty from Bangladesh.
    2. Systematically monitor and reform public services and social protection transfers to prioritise the need of extreme poor.
    3. Promote the institutional, policy and behavioral changes needed to address the root causes of extreme poverty.

    Time table for action:

    Action Year
    2014-2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
    Design and implement a national programme of livelihood transformative initiatives to rapidly eradicate extreme poverty from Bangladesh. Design the national Programme to eradicate extreme poverty National Programme for the eradication of extreme poverty implemented Bangladesh Free from extreme poverty
    Number of extreme poor families (ref HEIS lower poverty line)
    Raise $3 bn resources for implementation 6m 5m 4m 3m 2m 1m
    Systematically monitor and reform public services and social protection transfers to priorities the need of extreme poor. Dialogue with all public service providers regarding service provision to the extreme poor Systematic reform of public services to improve targeting and address issues of exclusion A system in place that keeps people out of extreme poverty and supports the recovery of those who fall back
    National Social Protection Reform Strategy
    Promote the institutional, policy and behavioral changes needed to address the root causes of extreme poverty A national public policy dialogue about the type of society and economy that Bangladesh wants for the future with a focus on issues of pro poorest income distribution, inclusiveness and gender equity. National Consensus and commitment on the principles of and measures needed to establish a poverty free nation.
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  • “Innovation” on low cost faecal sludge collection and transportation

    October 17th, 2014

    Safe management of faecal sludge is a big challenge for Bangladesh. Only Dhaka City has sewerage facilities for about 22% of the city, which is insignificant compared to the whole country.

    To manage this sludge, people mainly depend on an unsafe manual process which is bad for the environment. Sweepers mainly use traditional equipment like a bucket and rope to collect the sludge from the pit and dump into the nearby open water body, drain, or on open land which is harmful for their health and for others.

    vacutag3Most cities and towns have no management system for sewerage due to a lack of capacity, awareness and willingness.  One type of modern pit emptying equipment available in the market is Vacutag which is very much costly not only for the municipality but also for the private entrepreneur and sweeper.

    The MAWTS Vacutag is very expensive and loan providing institutions both public and private are not interested enough to provide financial support to entrepreneurs for providing this service as a business. In this context, we have developed a low cost 1300 liter capacity mechanized covered van  through our metal development center at Faridpur for sludge transportation to the treatment site and a submersible pump for sludge collection. The cost is around 180,000 Bangladesh Taka (£1454) for the mechanized van and 55000 Bangladesh Taka  (£444) for the submersible pump.

    This is being tested in the field by Practical Action

    Collected from: Dipok Chandra Roy, Programme Manager, Urban Services Programme

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