Sustainable urban sanitation in Odisha

The problem

Nearly half the urban population of India do not have access to basic sanitation. Odisha's smaller urban centres are without piped sewage systems and nearly half of urban households do no have a toilet. The proportion is even higher in slum areas. 

This results in widespread open defecation and most faecal sludge is disposed untreated in the environment.  Septic tanks and pit latrines predominates and current practices point to deficiencies in construction and a lack of proper sludge disposaland treatment facilities.  Although city governments are aware of the issue and acknowledge the need, there are no models demonstrating city-wide successful collection and treatment systems.

What we’re doing to help

Objective: Sustainable sanitation for poor urban communities

Odisha State Urban Sanitation partnership (Project Nirmal)

Location: Angul and Dhenkanal towns, Odisha, India
Number of beneficiaries: 25,000 households (a population of over 100,000) 
Project date: February 2015 - December 2017
Implementing partner: Centre for Policy Research, New Delhi
Partnership: Housing and Urban Development Department of Government of Odisha
Principal funders: Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Arghyam, Bangalore
Funding: £1 million

Project Nirmal will support two fast growing urban hubs - Dhenkanal and Angul municipalities in a pilot intervention for sustainable sanitation service.

Increased sanitation coverage of households will be achieved through enabling institutional and financial arrangements and increased private sector participation. The main aim of the initiative will be to inform support frameworks at the state and national levels to enable replicability. The project will aim to achieve the following:

  • Demonstrate State Government and Urban Local Body commitment towards sanitation service delivery in small towns
  • Capacity development of states and cities for effective sanitation service delivery
  • Increase in the number of people in pilot towns with access to better sanitation services
  • Improve city-wide planning approaches for sanitation
  • Demonstrate models for Faecal Sludge Management (“FSM”)

Celebrating Global Handwashing Day in a school in Odisha

See more images and updates on the project Facebook page

Stakeholder engagement

  • Project Steering Committee (PSC) as an apex body of the project has been constituted under the chairmanship of the Commissioner-cum-Secretary to Government, Housing and Urban Development Department, Government of Odisha, to advise, oversee, monitor, review and guide the implementation of Project Nirmal in Angul and Dhenkanal Municipalities.
  • District Coordination Committee (DCC) under the chairmanship of the Collector and District Magistrate of the respective districts of Angul and Dhenkanal has been constituted and notified by the respective district administrations.
  • City Sanitation Task Force (CSTF) under the Chairmanship of the Chairpersons of the respective Municipalities has been constituted and notified by the respective ULBs.
  • Slum Sanitation Committee (SSC) and Ward Sanitation Committee (WSC) have been set up both at the Ward and Slum levels in the form of Slum Sanitation Committee and Ward Sanitation Committee in both the Municipalities

Updates from Project Nirmal

Trade-offs and choices: realities in urban sanitation projects

Development charities don’t often talk about the difficulties; about the delays and frustrations....
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Systematic engagement of stakeholders can improve the sanitation situations in Dhenkanal Municipality

Written by Ganesh Parida, Senior Project Officer, Project Nirmal Dhenkanal Municipality, is a ...
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Bidding adieu to 2016 : 10 best examples of practical solutions from India

With a number of challenges on the field and off the field, the team in India has managed to deli...
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Community structures for better sanitation governance

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The faecal sludge management cycle

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