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Smoke-free in Nepal

The Nepal Government has made a commitment to make all Nepali homes smoke-free by 2017, following long campaigning on the subject by Practical Action.

Speaking at the inauguration of Renewable Energy Week in Kathmandu, Prime Minister Baburam Bhattarai said the government's aim was to reduce the use of traditional bio-fuels and promote alternative energy. To that end, they would launch programmes to ensure that Nepali homes become smoke-free by 2017.

Practical Action have advocated action on indoor air pollution for many years, especially in Nepal where many rural homes rely on traditional energy resources such as wood for cooking and heating their homes. These fuels contribute to significant levels of smoke causing health hazards mostly for women and children. 

As well as our advocacy work to influence policy at governmental and international levels, we have also worked through projects on the ground to improve the health of women and children in poor households in Nepal, by improving indoor air quality and increasing access to clean household energy. Our healthy homes programme, and in particular the healthy smoke hoods project, have made a significant contribution and demonstrated the effectiveness of these approaches.

Practical Action have been involved in developing appropriate and affordable household cooking stove technologies for over 20 years in many countries in Latin America, Africa and Asia, in many areas of stove development and implementation.

Our experience and technical skills on this issue ranges from technology development, through to market support, awareness raising and gender and health issues in both urban and rural areas.

Simple technologies to fight indoor air pollution

Smoke hoods

Sheet metal smoke hoods are cost effective and efficient, reducing indoor smoke levels by up to 80%.

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Improved cooking stoves

Improved cook stoves use one third of the amount of firewood as a traditional fire, reducing household smoke levels.

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Indoor air pollution - the biggest child killer in Nepal

In Nepal, indoor air pollution results causes the premature death of over 22,000 people annually. In this video, see the effects of smoke in the home - and the impact of some practical solutions.

Benefits of smoke hoods in Nepal

Lekh Maya has seen improvements in her and her children's health after the installation of smokehood by Practical Action in Devisthan village of rural Nepal.

Practical Answers

Our technical information service, Practical Answers, provides free information on many aspects of household energy, improved stoves and ways to reduce indoor air pollution while cooking.

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Healthy smoke hoods - free online tool

Practical Action, in conjunction with Bosch Siemens, have produced an online tool that will produce a downloadable technical brief for any individual or organization intending to implement projects to alleviate indoor air pollution.

Healthy smoke hoods

An interactive toolkit, presenting technical information on the design and manufacture of smoke hoods.

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More about reducing indoor air pollution

Smoke: indoor air pollution

An overview of Practical Action's project and advocacy work on indoor air pollution, including links to key reports and research.

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Indoor air pollution and smoke hoods: lessons from Nepal

An archive of our webinar in partnership with Engineering for Change. This webinar looks at some lessons from the Nepal pilot project, and the nature of the private/ public/ non-profit relationship that has helped it to come about.

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