Looking at types of toilet from the basic pit latrine to more sophisticated approaches.
Practical Action Published Books
Toilets That Make Compost
This book gives detailed instructions in the construction of a range of ecological toilets, together with benefits of the compost and urine generated.
This is a guide for hospital staff and community workers in developing countries who are planning to start sanitation or hygiene improvement programmes.
Water Treatment and Sanitation
This handbook describes simple methods which can be used in rural areas of developing countries and includes an appendix on planning in expanding towns.
Low Cost Sanitation
This book describes experiences of providing sanitation in rural and urban low-income communities, outlining what is appropriate, practical and acceptable.
This is a guide to the construction of latrines, in particular the concrete squatting plates which are often referred to as sanplats.
Sanitation for Primary Schools in Africa
This book provides tools to assess existing and planned sanitation, water supply and hygiene facilities in primary schools in Africa.
Water and Sanitation for Disabled People and Other Vulnerable Groups
This book focuses on facilities for families in rural and peri-urban areas of low and middle-income countries, but many of the approaches and solutions can also be applied to institutional settings and in emergency situations.
Urban Sanitation Management in Developing Countries
This brochure presents three conceptual tools for assessing urban sanitation systems in developing countries.
This book shows how unified urban sanitation planning is a vital weapon in the war against disease and as a text for infrastructure planning courses. It goes beyond simplistic formulae to suggest ways in which formal plans, market forces and actions at the local level can be brought together to provide a viable response to sanitation problems.
Resources from SANDEC
SANDEC is the Department of Water and Sanitation in Developing Countries at the Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (EAWAG).
The online Compendium of Sanitation Systems and Technologies
An interactive version of the Compendium of Sanitation Systems and Technologies, a compilation of appropriate sanitation technologies, plus a tool for combining technologies in a full system.
You can order a hardcopy or download the PDF here.
Resources from SuSanA
The SuSanA Forum (Sustainable Sanitation Alliance) is a network on sustainable sanitation solutions which can be used to access and share up-to-date information on this topic.
Resources from EcoSanRes
Information and factsheets relating to ecological sanitation can be found on the EcoSanRes (Ecological Sanitation Research) website.
Resources from PS Eau
PS Eau (Programme Solidarité Eau) have a produced a booklet entitled "How to select appropriate technical solutions for sanitation".
Resources from Community-Led Total Sanitation, IDS
The CLTS (Community-led Total Sanitation) website aims to be a global hub for CLTS (Community-led Total Sanitation), connecting the network of practitioners, communities, NGOs, agencies, researchers, governments, donors and others involved or interested in CLTS.
Resources from Community-Led Total Sanitation include:
Adoption CLTS Guidance Programming CLTS Tearfund Supported Projects