Nodepage

Sanitation

Looking at types of toilet from the basic pit latrine to more sophisticated approaches.  

 

General Resources

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A Practical Guide For Building A Simple Pit Latrine

  • guides and manuals
  • English

A step by step guide to the construction and use of a simple toilet.

Published by Practical Action on 04/18/13

PDF

Bio-latrines

  • fact sheet
  • English

This brief looks at the option of using bio-latrines, an on-site dry toilet technology which generates fertilising...

Amruta Khatavkar & Sarah Matthews , Published by Practical Action on 09/17/13

PDF

Build Your Own Tippy Tap

  • fact sheet
  • English

A simple device for washing your hands after going to the toilet.

S.Somnath/J.Buono, www.watershedmg.org , Published by Indicorps on 09/28/11

PDF

Build Your Own Tippy Tap - Arme Su Propio Tippy Tap

  • fact sheet
  • Spanish

Un dispositivo simple para el lavado de manos después de ir al baño.

S.Somnath/J.Buono, www.watershedmg.org, Published by Indicorps on 10/03/11

PDF

Build Your Own Tippy Tap - तुमचा टीप टीप नळ स्वतः बनवा

  • fact sheet

A simple device for washing your hands after going to the toilet.

By S.Somnath/J.Buono, www.watershedmg.org, Published by Indicorps on 08/01/12

PDF

Build Your Own Tippy Tap - अपना टीप टीप नल खुद बनाएँ

  • fact sheet

A simple device for washing your hands after going to the toilet.

By S.Somnath/J.Buono, www.watershedmg.org, Published by Indicorps on 08/01/12

PDF

Build Your Own Tippy Tap - Bou Jou Eie Kentelkraan

  • fact sheet

A simple device for washing your hands after going to the toilet.

S.Somnath/J.Buono, www.watershedmg.org, , Published by Indicorps on 09/20/12

PDF

Build Your Own Tippy Tap - Construir Sua Própria Tippy Tap

  • fact sheet
  • Portuguese

A simple device for washing your hands after going to the toilet.

S.Somnath/J.Buono, www.watershedmg.org, Published by Practical Action on 10/03/11

PDF

Building Toilets in Nepal

  • case study
  • English

Raising awareness of health and hygiene through the use of a video produced by Ankhi Jhyal and building toilets.

Mani Karmacharya, Published by Practical Action Nepal on 01/01/09

PDF

Collapsing Latrine Pits

  • fact sheet
  • English

A short summary of the options to prevent your latrine pit from collapsing.

Bjourn Brandberg, Published by Practical Action on 02/02/11

PDF

Compost Toilets

  • fact sheet
  • English

This technical brief describes a compost toilet that has proved to be most effective in water-logged areas where...

Paul Calvert, Published by Practical Action on 04/02/13

PDF

Ecological Sanitation: a concept

  • fact sheet
  • English

Ecological sanitation ('ecosan') is the reuse of human excrement, which contains the nutrients required to fertilise...

Niall Boot, Published by Practical Action on 11/02/07

PDF

Effondrement des Latrines à Fosse

  • fact sheet
  • French

Résumé succinct des solutions offertes pour prévenir l’effondrement de votre latrine a fosse.

Björn Brandberg , Published by Practical Action on 02/15/13

PDF

Guide Pratique pour la Construction de Latrine à Simple Fosse

  • guides and manuals
  • French

Un guide étape par étape à la construction et à l'utilisation d'un simple toilettes.

Published by Practical Action on 09/04/11

MP4

Low-cost technology for sanitation - Zimbabwe

  • video
  • English

A combination of improved ecosan toilets - which are cheap and sustainable - and hygiene education can help to...

Published by Practical Action Southern Africa on 04/08/14

PDF

Manuel de Construction d'un Tippy Tap

  • fact sheet
  • French

Un appareil simple pour se laver les mains après être allé aux toilettes.

S.Somnath/J.Buono, www.watershedmg.org, Published by Practical Action on 12/02/11

PDF

Monitoring Checklists: Water Points and Latrines

  • fact sheet
  • English

These check-lists have been developed to monitor water and sanitation infrastructure development in rural...

The Global Water Initiative - GWI - West Africa, Published by Practical Action on 12/18/13

PDF

Pit Emptying Systems

  • fact sheet
  • English

This technical brief describes the main systems used for emptying on-site sanitation facilities, whilst highlighting...

Niall Boot, Published by Practical Action on 11/02/07

PDF

Reuse of Faeces and Urine

  • fact sheet
  • English

This brief follows on from Ecological Sanitation: a concept. It describes methods of managing waste faeces and urine.

Niall Boot, Published by Practical Action on 11/02/07

PDF

Training Manual for Eco-Toilet Construction

  • guides and manuals
  • English

A manual covering the different designs of eco san toilet from Bangladesh.

S. A. Abdullah Al Mamun & Raju Basak, Published by Practical Action Bangladesh on 10/13/11

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Further information is available on the sanitation technologies, approach and projects implemented by Practical Action.

 

 

Practical Action Published Books

Toilets That Make Compost
This book gives detailed instructions in the construction of a range of ecological toilets, together with benefits of the compost and urine generated.

Rural Sanitation
This is a guide for hospital staff and community workers in developing countries who are planning to start sanitation or hygiene improvement programmes.

Water Treatment and Sanitation
This handbook describes simple methods which can be used in rural areas of developing countries and includes an appendix on planning in expanding towns.

Low Cost Sanitation
This book describes experiences of providing sanitation in rural and urban low-income communities, outlining what is appropriate, practical and acceptable.

Latrine Building
This is a guide to the construction of latrines, in particular the concrete squatting plates which are often referred to as sanplats.

Sanitation for Primary Schools in Africa
This book provides tools to assess existing and planned sanitation, water supply and hygiene facilities in primary schools in Africa.

Water and Sanitation for Disabled People and Other Vulnerable Groups
This book focuses on facilities for families in rural and peri-urban areas of low and middle-income countries, but many of the approaches and solutions can also be applied to institutional settings and in emergency situations.

Urban Sanitation Management in Developing Countries
This brochure presents three conceptual tools for assessing urban sanitation systems in developing countries.

Urban Sanitation
This book shows how unified urban sanitation planning is a vital weapon in the war against disease and as a text for infrastructure planning courses. It goes beyond simplistic formulae to suggest ways in which formal plans, market forces and actions at the local level can be brought together to provide a viable response to sanitation problems.

 

External Sources

The WELL resource centre has produced a number of Factsheets and Technical Briefs relating to sanitation technologies.

The SuSanA Forum (Sustainable Sanitation Alliance) is a network on sustainable sanitation solutions which can be used to access and share up-to-date information on this topic.

Information and factsheets relating to ecological sanitation can be found on the EcoSanRes (Ecological Sanitation Research) website.

pS Eau (Programme Solidarité Eau) have a produced a booklet entitled "How to select appropriate technical solutions for sanitation".

Ecological Sanitation in Bangladesh http://ecosanbd.org/
This site is based on the project work of Practical Action, Bangladesh which started piloting eco-sanitation in 2006 with the aim of addressing the gaps in sanitation coverage.

Community-Led Total Sanitation IDS
The CLTS (Community-led Total Sanitation) website aims to be a global hub for CLTS (Community-led Total Sanitation), connecting the network of practitioners, communities, NGOs, agencies, researchers, governments, donors and others involved or interested in CLTS.

Resources from Community-Led Total Sanitation include:

Adoption CLTS Guidance Programming CLTS Tearfund Supported Projects

 

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