Emergency relief is the immediate response to disaster events. There is generally a need to act quickly in order to save lives. However, as the situation becomes stabilised the nature of the response changes to that of reconstruction.
This section of Practical Answers looks at the resources available to assist in the immediate aftermath of an event. Practical Action is not an emergency relief organisation and consequently most information in this section will originate from other organisations
Engineering in Emergencies Practical Action Publishing
Engineering in Emergencies is produced by Practical Action Publishing in collaboration with the agency RedR-IHE -- Engineers for Disaster Relief / International Health Exchange.
Emergency Market Mapping and Analysis Toolkit Albu Mike, Practical Action Publishing
Markets are a crucial component of how people survive. Understanding how markets are functioning and disrupted in emergencies is critical to any analysis of hunger, and to food and livelihood security.
All in Diary http://www.allindiary.org/ For use in disaster situations and specifically aimed at field based humanitarian workers in international and local NGOs. Contains information on; humanitarian principles, managing projects, working with communities and managing people.
K4Health Haiti Relief Toolkit http://www.k4health.org/toolkits/haiti_relief provides technical and practical information that will help health workers respond to the earthquake relief efforts underway in Haiti. It includes a wide range of topics including; food security, water & sanitation, Shelter, and Logistics and Coordination.
Sanitation and Health in Emergencies
- Cleaning and disinfecting wells
- Cleaning and disinfecting boreholes
- Cleaning and disinfecting water storage tanks and tankers
- Rehabilitating small-scale piped water distribution systems
- Emergency treatment of drinking water at the point of use
- Rehabilitating water treatment works after an emergency
- Solid waste management in emergencies
- Disposal of dead bodies
- How much water is needed
- Hygiene promotion in emergencies
- Measuring chlorine levels in water supplies
- Delivering safe water by tanker
- Planning for excreta disposal in emergencies
- Technical options for excreta disposal
- Cleaning wells after seawater flooding
- Health risks: Drinking-water and sanitation
- Flooding and communicable diseases fact sheet
- Fact sheet 3.1: Excreta disposal options [pdf 230kb]
- Fact sheet 3.2: Open-air defecation [pdf 157kb]
- Fact sheet 3.3: Cartage [pdf 103kb]
- Fact sheet 3.4: Simple pit latrines [pdf 472kb]
- Fact sheet 3.5: VIP and ROEC latrines [pdf 389kb]
- Fact sheet 3.6: Pour flush latrines [pdf 352kb]
- Fact sheet 3.7: Composting latrines [pdf 375kb]
- Fact sheet 3.8: Aquaprivies [pdf 388kb]
- Fact sheet 3.9: Septic tanks [pdf 277kb]
- Fact sheet 3.10: Disposal of sullage and drainage [pdf 188kb]
- Fact sheet 3.11: Sewerage and sewage treatment [pdf 171kb]
- Fact sheet 3.12: Solid waste disposal [pdf 141kb]
- Fact sheet 3.13: Reuse of sewage in agriculture and aquaculture [pdf 171kb]
- Fact sheet 3.14: Sanitation in public places [pdf 233kb]
- Fact sheet 3.15: Sanitation in hospitals and health centres [pdf 128kb]
Hesperian Foundation http://www.hesperian.org/
- Cholera Prevention Factsheet
English edition http://www.hesperian.info/assets/environmental/Cholera_EN.pdf
Urdu edition http://hesperian.info/assets/Urdu_Cholera_Fact_Sheet.pdf
Health Materials Available in Haitian Creole
Health Materials Available for Pakistan
Where There is No Doctor Haitian Creole edition (23.25MB pdf)
Where There Is No DoctorSindhi edition
Where Women Have No Doctor
Haitian Creole edition http://www.hesperian.info/assets/hesperian_wwhnd_haitian%20creole_2000.pdf
Urdu edition http://hesperian.info/assets/WWHND_Urdu_refugees.pdf
Sanitation and Cleanliness booklet
Haitian Creole edition http://www.hesperian.info/assets/PDF%20Kreyol%20sanitation%20book-1.pdf
Produced by Hesperian Partners at SOIL (Sustainable Organic Integrated Livelihoods)http://www.oursoil.org/
Also available as a printed book through Hesperian partners:
UNICEF Global WASH Cluster
Cluster provides an open formal platform for all emergency WASH actors and working together, the development of a workplan which addresses the key gaps as identified both by those key actors, but also verification from the field.
Shelter in Emergencies
Shelter Centre http://www.sheltercentre.org/
A non-governmental organisation which supports the sector of humanitarian operations that responds to the transitional settlement and reconstruction needs of populations affected by conflicts and natural disasters, from the emergency phase until durable solutions are reached.
Help the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative understand if/how improved biomass cookstoves can be better supported in humanitarian settings. To inform this work HHI would like to hear from individuals/organisations who currently work in humanitarian settings, whether or not they are currently working on cookstoves/indoor fuel
HHI has produced a short survey which should take 10-20 minutes to be completed, depending on your responses. The aim is to identify what supports successful programming alongside priorities for research and other supporting activities.
How do I complete the survey?
Please click on this link to complete the web-based survey
Who should complete the survey?
An individual with knowledge of your organisation's shelter/non-food cluster activities, or a dedicated indoor fuel lead if you are aware of one in your organisation
About The Harvard Humanitarian Initiative
HHI fosters interdisciplinary collaboration at Harvard University in order to improve the effectiveness of humanitarian strategies for relief, protection, and prevention; instil human rights principles and practices in these strategies; and educate and train the next generation of humanitarian leaders. In 2005, the Harvard Humanitarian Initiative was established as a University-wide interfaculty academic and research centre, supported by the Office of the Provost and the Harvard School of Public Health with the participation of faculty from Harvard schools and affiliated hospitals. For more information, visit www.hhi.harvard.edu.
A temporary shelter for displaced people, using a timber frame, with GI sheets as the roofing material, and plastic sheet for wall cladding.
Practical Action South Asia and the Centre for Housing Planning and Buildings designed