Nodepage

Food Security, Agriculture and Disaster Risk Reduction (FADRR)

Programme overview

The FADRR programme supports the establishment of productive and disaster resilient systems for food production and improved livelihood security with climate proofing as a key aspect of the programme. Our work in this area enables poor people living in fragile ecosystems within the Eastern Africa region to exploit and benefit equitably from new political, economic and technological opportunities.

To deliver impacts at scale, the programme will take a systems approach and address the market and resource management blockages that undermine food security and livelihood wellbeing.

Target groups

Over the next five years, the programme will target 800,000 direct beneficiaries which are food insecure small scale and vulnerable producers within Eastern Africa. This number will be made up of about 650,000 pastoralists, most of them resident in the Arid and Semi-Arid Lands (ASALs) and 150,000 agro-based farmers. 200,000 of these beneficiaries are made up of women traders involved in different agricultural value chains including milk, beekeeping (apiculture), poultry farming and fisher-folk (aquaculture). In our selection of value chains we will prioritise the value chains which accommodate biggest number of disadvantaged women. Indirect beneficiaries will be a minimum of 2 million residents within Eastern Africa.

As part of our effort to promote gender equality throughout our work, we envisage the number of women beneficiaries to increase gradually to 50% over the strategy period. To ensure this is effectively captured in our programming, we will develop gender specific indicators in our programme log-frame and associated M&E system. The programme will also strengthen and champion capturing and dissemination of knowledge, development of skills and capacity building to elevate voice and the organisation of women target groups.

Objectives

To achieve our envisaged aim of improving the livelihoods of these pastoralists, we will work towards two strategic objectives that will also contribute towards the attainment of MDGs 1, 3, 4 and 7.

Objective 1: To improve access of poor people living in fragile rural environments to technologies, skills and natural resources that contributes to food security and sustainable livelihoods

Objective 2: To strengthen the capacity of vulnerable people to cope with risks due to natural and man-made hazards including impacts of climate change, through improved access to technologies and decision making processes on disaster risk reduction (DRR).

Expected outcomes

At the end of the strategy period it is expected that poor people in fragile rural environments will enjoy higher levels of wellbeing evidenced by:

  • Improved access to safe water, land and pasture for 650,000 people and their livestock by developing and rehabilitating core water harvesting infrastructure (MDGs 3, 4 and 7) and using negotiated inter-community social contracts for sharing resources especially during dearth periods; less morbidity and mortality sequel to increased access to safe water, hygiene and sanitation.
     
  • Improved livelihood security for 350,000 people involved in agriculture and related value chains in particular improved food security demonstrated in less malnutrition among children, pregnant and lactating mothers and the elderly.
     
  • Improved livestock and agricultural market systems and terms of trade for 800,000 farmers including improved animal health extension services for ASAL residents through improved access to information and knowledge.
     
  • Improved management and governance of natural resources through strengthening traditional institutions and their integration with formal governance structures including enhancing community level capacity to prepare and respond to disasters. Healthier, more productive environment and natural resource base owing to higher adoption of ecosystem-friendly approaches to food production and livestock keeping; less conflict over natural resources including water, land and pasture (good governance).
     
  • Improved policy environment for agriculture, livestock and disaster management benefiting 1 million people in the region through targeted research, sharing of lessons learned, policy infl uence and scaling up of successful projects (governance). Less population displacement due to conflicts, hunger and famine (Government responsiveness).
     
  • More women actively engaged in development, leadership and decision making directly and through their organisations; more women gain greater access to and control over productive resources including micro-credit and land for generating meaningful income.
     

Our approaches

Building on our existing knowledge and experience, we will employ the following approaches to implement the programme.

  1. We will apply technology to build resilient facilities and products for water, pasture and for breeding drought resistant livestock
     
  2. We will strengthen local level governance by organizing traditional institutions in pastoralist societies to oversee access to and the maintenance of community and household resources including women’s representation,water resource management and rangeland use
     
  3. We will strengthen the capacity of local institutions to effectively respond to early warning systems, oversee household and community livestock holding and destocking arrangements including conflict management, business and religious affairs
     
  4. We will work with communities to improve access to water security, especially during dearth periods at household as well as at landscape levels for livestock. 
     
  5. We will develop partnerships with women’s organisations and build their organisational and institutional capacities as basis for them to participate, lead and benefit from new technologies, markets and developmen tinitiatives
     
  6. We will work with relevant partners to improve community access to information services on seasonal climate forecasts, range conditions, livestock markets/prices, early warning, animal health services, vaccinations, fodder and feed availability among others.
     
  7. We will work to ensure increased animal health services provision, mainly for nucleus herds, and dry season feeding and nutrition.
     
  8. In order to effectively influence policies using strong evidence base, we will aim to be the main source of learning on DRR by generating credible evidence on the impacts of climate change.
     

Partners

Building on our existing relationships and critically reviewing their performance we will work with the following groups of partners.

  • Government departments such as veterinary, agriculture, water, culture, provincial administration and trade to ensure adherence to standards and influence policy
     
  • Parliamentary committees for various policy actions (formulation, legislation, enactment)
     
  • County governments to ensure equitable allocation of and optimum utilization of resources
     
  • Regulatory bodies such as NEMA (National Environmental Management Authority), KEBS (Kenya Bureau of Standards), KVB/KVA (Kenya Veterinary Board)
     
  • Research and academia such as KARI (Kenya Agricultural Research Institute), ILRI (International Livestock Research Institute), KIRDI (Kenya Industrial Research Development Institute) and Universities (Egerton, JKUAT, Nairobi and Kenyatta) for action research, knowledge generation, publications and policy influencing
     
  • Civil society organisations (INGOs, LNGOs, CBOs, FBOs, etc.) for joint advocacy work and networking at landscape level; plus resource mobilisation
     
  • Private sector players such as pharmaceutical companies for drug supply and business support to community-based animal health extension workers; seed suppliers to develop business support links with agro farmers; micro-finance institutions for micro-credit support to our beneficiaries;
     
  • INGOs for joint resource mobilisation, and infl uencing of donors as well as policy makers
     
  • Regional bodies such as IGAD, EALA, ICGLR, EAC and AU-IBAR for various regional initiatives and policy influencing
     
  • Mobile phone companies such as Safaricom, Airtel, Telkom/Orange and Yu for infrastructure
     
  • development to enhance communication and reach
     
  • Donors such as EU, USAID/OFDA, DANIDA, SIDA, Cordaid, IDRC and UNDP for continued funding of our programme work and joint lobbying/influencing of governments in the region

Practical Action Eastern Africa FADRR capability statement

An overview of our our current work on Food, Agriculture and Disaster Risk Reduction (FADRR) with pastoralist communities in northern Kenya (Mandera, Turkana, and Pokot) and parts of Somalia, southern Ethiopia, north-east Uganda and Southern Sudan.

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