Traditionally people have relied on naturally occurring fish in the wild and is still the world's only major food source harvested from the wild. This approach is dependent on the naturally renewable aquatic biodiversity in the oceans and inland waters. More recently, fish farming has become more prevalent. This section looks at both capture fisheries and nurture fisheries and how resources can be managed on a sustainable basis. 


Farming Fish and Aquaculture

Farming fish and aquaculture is undertaken on a small scale in many parts of the world. Approaches will vary in...

General Resources


Artificial Reefs

  • fact sheet
  • English

People are destroying coral reefs at an unprecedented rate. One part of a solution could be for the community to...

Paul Calvert, Published by Appropriate Technology Journal on 09/01/95


Artificial Reefs - Recifes Artificiais E A Sua Instalação

  • fact sheet
  • Portuguese

As pessoas estão a destruir os recifes de coral a um ritmo inaudito. Parte da solução poderia passar pela construção...

Paul Calvert, Published by Practical Action on 01/30/13


Fibreglass boat building

  • fact sheet
  • English

Basic construction techniques, materials, equipment, infrastructure, skills and labour requirements necessary to...

Published by Practical Action South Asia on 02/02/13


Fishing out the Gene Pool

  • fact sheet
  • English

The brief explains how the world's fish stocks are in danger from modern fishing methods.

Brian O'Riordan, Published by Appropriate Technology Journal on 03/01/92


Plywood boat building in South India

  • fact sheet
  • English

In fishing villages along the lower south-west coast of India, traditional craft are being replaced by plywood boats...

John Kurien, Published by Appropriate Technology Journal on 09/02/95


Other Resources

Strengthening Small-Scale Coastal Fisheries from Janathakshan




Livelihood from Fishing
This book contains a broad overview of fisheries and describes for the general reader the social and nutritional issues raised by the modernization of fisheries worldwide. It aims to inform all who are interested in the protection of the marine environment and the plight of workers in the fisheries sector.

Managing Small-Scale Fisheries IDRC 

Island Technology
The contributors' analyses and observations span a range of key issues that include fisheries and marine resources.

A Report From Nigeria on Farm Equipment in a Development Project IDRC

Marine Ecosystem Enclosed Experiments IDRC


Further information on fisheries and aquaculture can be found at the following organisations. 

Aquaculture and Fish Genetics Research Programme - AFGRP
Institute of Aquaculture
University of Stirling
FK9 4LA.
United Kingdom
Tel: +44 1786 467900
Fax: +44 1786 451462

The Aquaculture and Fish Genetics Research Programme of the UK Department for International Development (DFID) managed by the University of Stirling.  The purpose of the AFGRP is to improve knowledge of aquatic stocks and their selection, enhancement and culture to generate sustainable productive benefits of aquatic resources for poor people.

International Collective in Support of Fishworkers - ICSF

ICSF Belgium Office
Sentier des Rossignols 2,
1330 Rixensart,
Tel: (32) 2-652 5201
Fax: (32) 2-654 0407
Web site:

ICSF India Office
ICSF, 27 College Road,
Chennai 600006
Tel: (91) 44-2827 5303
Fax: (91) 44-2825 4457

ICSF is an international NGO working on issues that concern fishworkers the world over. ICSF has offices in Chennai & Brussels. As a global network of community organizers, teachers, technicians, researchers and scientists, ICSF's activities encompass monitoring and research, exchange and training, campaigns and action programmes, and communications.

World Fish Center
PO Box 500
GPO, 10670
Tel: +60 4 626 1606 (Hunting line)
Fax: +60 4 626 5530

The World Fish Center is an autonomous, non-government, non-profit organisation, established as an international centre in 1977 and is now one of the 16 international research centres of the CGIAR. 

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