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Environment and Adaptation to Climate Change

The increasing variability of climate is having a dramatic impact on people in some of the poorest countries. Areas of change may include unpredictable rainfall patterns, increased frequency and intensity of storms, or sea level rise. Communities are being forced to change their ways of living in order to adapt: growing different crops, making better use of scarce water resources, using different production methods, or preparing for more frequent weather-related disasters. The technologies that will be useful to one community may not apply to another: adaptation to climate change must be rooted in the local context and people's knowledge culture and values, as these will determine how they can best cope with change. The few technologies described offer some relevant solutions to the challenges that communities will increasingly find themselves having to face.

 

General Resources

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Adapting Rice to Saltier Conditions

  • fact sheet
  • English

This brief outlines the approach of using indigenous verities of rice to develop salt tolerant crops for areas where...

Amruta Khatavkar, Published by Practical Action on 11/23/12

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Adapting to Climate Change in Sri Lanka

  • guides and manuals
  • English

A presentation highlighting the key problems and solutions with a focus on salinity affected paddy.

Vajira Hettige, Published by Practical Action South Asia on 11/15/12

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Artificial Reefs

  • fact sheet
  • English

People are destroying coral reefs at an unprecedented rate. One part of a solution could be for the community to...

Paul Calvert, Published by Appropriate Technology Journal on 09/01/95

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Artificial Reefs - Recifes Artificiais E A Sua Instalação

  • fact sheet
  • Portuguese

As pessoas estão a destruir os recifes de coral a um ritmo inaudito. Parte da solução poderia passar pela construção...

Paul Calvert, Published by Practical Action on 01/30/13

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Assessment of Vulnerability to Climate Change and Adaptation Options for The Coastal People of Bangladesh

  • guides and manuals
  • English

The Bangladesh coastal zone is faced with a plethora of hydro-geographical constraints, coupled with unsustainable...

Ahsan Uddin Ahmed, Published by Practical Action Bangladesh on 11/07/12

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Building Resistance to Drought in the Karamoja Cluster of Eastern Africa

  • guides and manuals
  • English

Work in Karamoja cluster focuses on strengthening the ability of poor people to use technology: in its broadest...

Published by Practical Action Eastern Africa on 11/22/13

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Building Small-scale Water-harvesting Dams

  • guides and manuals
  • English

North Darfur faces acute deficit in its water. The need for water has forced farmers to try and adapt their...

M. M. Fidiel, Published by Practical Action Sudan on 06/02/05

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Community Cereal Banks

  • fact sheet
  • English

Steps involved in setting up and running a cereal bank, based on the experience of Nthunguni Community Managed...

Eric Kisiangani , Published by Practical Action Eastern Africa on 01/30/11

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Community Cereal Banks - Benki Nafaka Ya Jamii

  • fact sheet
  • Swahili

Steps involved in setting up and running a cereal bank, based on the experience of Nthunguni Community Managed...

Eric Kisiangani, Published by Practical Action Eastern Africa on 04/02/10

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Defining the Community's Role in Disaster Mitigation

  • fact sheet
  • English

This brief shows how addressing the increased vulnerability of people in the South is the only way to manage disasters.

Andrew Maskrey, Published by Appropriate Technology Journal on 12/03/92

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Floating Gardens in Bangladesh

  • fact sheet
  • English

A floating garden is built using aquatic weeds as a base on which vegetables can be grown.

Neil Noble, Published by Practical Action on 05/25/11

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Flood Resistant Housing

  • fact sheet
  • English

Bangladesh has regular floods putting people at risk. This brief describes some flood resistant housing options.

Neil Noble, Dipok Chandra Roy, Published by Practical Action on 02/02/10

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Integrated Soil Fertility

  • fact sheet
  • English

This Technical Brief describes various methods of countering soil degradation in semi-arid regions.

Douglas Gumbo, Published by Practical Action Southern Africa on 02/09/08

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Integrating Approaches

  • fact sheet
  • English

Sustainable livelihoods, disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation emissions.

Katherine Pasteur et al., Published by Practical Action on 01/01/10

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Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation in Agricultural Extension - Part 1

  • guides and manuals
  • English

A training manual on use of climate information and vulnerability and capacity assessment for agricultural extension...

Agritex, Practical Action, University of Reading, Published by Practical Action on 03/28/13

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Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation in Agricultural Extension - Part 2

  • guides and manuals
  • English

A field guide on use of climate information and vulnerability and capacity assessment for agricultural staff in...

Agritex, Practical Action, University of Reading, Published by Practical Action Southern Africa on 11/22/13

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Preparation of Risk Maps

  • fact sheet
  • English

This document looks at risk map usage in the emergency preparedness project in Peru, recognising that more...

Published by Soluciones Prácticas on 02/02/13

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Renewable Energy: Climate Change and Carbon Funding

  • fact sheet
  • English

A look into climate change and the displacement of carbon.

Alison Doig, Published by Practical Action on 04/02/07

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Run-off Rainwater Harvesting

  • fact sheet
  • English

Run-off rainwater harvesting developed in Sri Lanka to enhance rural livelihoods.

Published by Practical Action South Asia on 05/18/08

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Sand Dams

  • fact sheet
  • English

Sand dams are a means of capturing water in arid and semi-arid regions where erratic rains are trapped in river sands.

Published by Practical Action Eastern Africa on 03/10/08

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Climate change publications from Practical Action Publishing

Understanding Climate Change Adaptation
This book combines eight case studies from south Asia, Africa and Latin America with an overall framework. The analysis demonstrates that although communities’ adaptation strategies may be varied and depend on local context, social networks play a pivotal role in accessing appropriate climate knowledge and resources and communicating useful approaches to other communities.

Uncertain Futures
This book proposes that community-based adaptation must also address inevitable future uncertainty by supporting the ongoing ability to change. It  invites readers to rethink development policy and practice in terms of how adaptive capacity can be best supported.

Climate Change and Threatened Communities
This book presents 15 case studies and a variety of approaches to document the capacities and constraints to be encountered among communities facing changing climates in Bangladesh, Cameroon, Canada, Ecuador, Ethiopia, India, Indonesia, Italy, Malawi, Mexico, Mozambique, Peru, South Africa, Sudan, United States, Vietnam, and Zimbabwe. It explores human interactions in environments ranging from subarctic tundra to equatorial rain forest, from oceanic lagoons to inland mountains.

More People, More Trees
This book accompanies a film produced in Kenya and Burkina Faso which looks at land conservation and current challenges of soil conservation in the context of climate change.

Just One Planet
This book is for anyone who wants to get behind the scare stories to reach a well-informed and detailed understanding of climate change, and to find out what action needs to be taken, now.

Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocols Clean Development Mechanism
This book shows how the elegant creativity of science can be combined with the delightful unpredictability of politics and human behaviour. These stories come to life through a kaleidoscope of colour photographs and children's artwork.

Living with Drought
This book is about understanding and planning and implementing drought mitigation

Climate Change and Gender Justice
This book examines how gender-equality concerns should be integrated into international negotiations and agreements on climate change mitigation and adaptation to ensure that new policies do not disadvantage poor women, but rather deliver them some benefits.

 

Environment and Adaption to Climate Change Policy Documents

Biodiverse agriculture for a changing climate
This paper explores biodiverse agriculture as a realistic and proven alternative to industrial methods of production.

Climate change and agriculture
Support and change are needed to ensure effective adaptation.

Climate change and the challenge of energy poverty                 
Climate change mitigation and the ending of energy poverty are not incompatible goals. Governments have the duty to ensure that the poor are able to fulfil their basic needs, including those dependent on energy. At the same time developing countries need support to develop in a carbon neutral and sustainable manner.

 

 

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