Disaster risk reduction
Practical Action has been a leading organisation in Early Warning System (EWS) development in the country.
Practical Action's works in the Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) sector intends to save lives, livelihoods and properties of women and men residing in the vulnerable parts of the country by building their resilience.
Focus will be given to early warning for flood and landslides and building resilience for the earthquake vulnerable communities.
Community Based Early Warning Systems (CBEWS) in flood will be scaled up through influencing the necessary policies and plans. Practical Action plans to expand the CBEWS to cross border flood early warning, covering Nepal, India and Bangladesh.
- Local governments and national stakeholders will be influenced for strengthening resilience of livelihood of people through mainstreaming DRR and adaptation to climate change into development planning and its intuitional sustainability.
Practical Action aims to reach 150,000 people as direct beneficiary in this sector.
Projects under this sector
The goal of this project, part of the Zurich Global Flood Resilience Programme, is to build resilience of poor and vulnerable communities in Nepal with improvements measured using a resilience measurement framework together with documenting the best practices and lessons learnt.Read more
Flood risk is increasing in the Kankai river basin in Nepal. This project aims to protect lives, properties and livelihoods of the most vulnerable people.Read more
This project aims to build the capacity of communities to respond and prepare for disasters, using a community-based approach. The project will reach out directly to 17,000 poor and excluded people including women living in the slums of Pokhara valley.Read more
The Rice Market System in Tikapur & Rajapur areas, Nepal
Market systems report conducted as part of the Zurich Flood Resilience Programme., Pre-Crisis Market Analysis (PCMA) report on the rice market systems in Kailali and Bardiya Districts, on the Karnali River, Nepal, as part of the Zurich Flood Resilience Programme.
Pre-Crisis Market Analysis of Vegetables Market System in Nepal - Informing Disaster Preparedness, Emergency Response and Liveli
Report produced as part of the Zurich Flood Resilience Alliance programme, The Pre Crisis Market Assessment (PCMA) report on vegetable market systems. Vegetable are an important commodity that needs to be accessed for livelihoods during floods.
Flood Early Warning System in Practice: Experiences of Nepal
Document which synthesises Practical Action's experience of Early Warning Systems (EWS) in Nepal.,
Flood Early Warning System (EWS) is one of the key programmes implemented by Practical Action in Nepal since 2002. We have realised, there is a need of EWS in South Asia regional scale as the disasters are not limited within the political boundary. To make this happen, there is a need for strategic coordination and collaboration between and among the nations, and advancement of technologies to meet the needs. This publication captures long standing experiences of Practical Action and hope that it will be useful for other practitioners who are interested and engaged in EWS for Disaster Risk Reduction.
Manual for Mock Flood Response Exercise with Early Warning System (English)
This booklet (in English) gives guidelines about mock flood exercises for flood response based on early warning systems. These guidelines have been prepared based on the experience and learning of carrying out mock flood exercises in communities for almost a decade. Mock exercises enhance the capacity of communities and humanitarian actors alike, thereby reducing the loss of life and property significantly. Practical Action works on flood early warning systesm in collaboration with organizations such as the Nepal Red Cross Society, government bodies, and non-governmental organisations (NGOs). This publication assists actors and facilitators to develop their skills and facilitate such exercises to enhance community resilience. It is necessary to contextualize the steps, process and scenarios based on local hazards, vulnerability, risks and available capacity in terms of tools and equipment. However, the steps and processes mentioned herein will be useful to all actors and facilitators. A Nepali translation version is also available.
Manual for Mock Flood Response Exercise with Early Warning System (Nepali)
This booklet (in Nepali language) gives guidelines about mock flood exercises for flood response based on early warning systems. These guidelines have been prepared based on the experience and learning of carrying out mock flood exercises in communities for almost a decade. Mock exercises enhance the capacity of communities and humanitarian actors alike, thereby reducing the loss of life and property significantly. Practical Action works on flood early warning systesm in collaboration with organizations such as the Nepal Red Cross Society, government bodies, and non-governmental organisations (NGOs). This publication assists actors and facilitators to develop their skills and facilitate such exercises to enhance community resilience. It is necessary to contextualize the steps, process and scenarios based on local hazards, vulnerability, risks and available capacity in terms of tools and equipment. However, the steps and processes mentioned herein will be useful to all actors and facilitators. An English translation version is also available.
Urgent Case for Recovery: What can we learn from the August 2014 Karnali River floods in Nepal
As part of Zurich’s flood resilience program, the post event review capability (PERC) provides research and independent reviews of large flood events. It seeks to answer questions related to aspects of flood resilience, flood risk management and catastrophe intervention. It looks at what has worked well (identifying best practice) and opportunities for further improvements. The bigger picture that emerges from the 2014 floods in Nepal can be applied more universally: long-term thinking and addressing chronic problems that increase hazards should be part of the picture to get beyond relief efforts. Much work is still needed to save individuals, families and entire communities from the devastation of floods. This PERC analysis was written by ISET International, ISET-Nepal, Practical Action Nepal and Zurich.
Economic cost of Landslide in Sindhupalchowk of Nepal (English, PDF, 1Mb)
This study examines the socio-economic effects of landslides to the particular locality. Landslide has more broader and indirect impacts, which are difficult to calculate and sometimes almost impossible. Therefore, the aim of this study is to bring such broader impacts in discussion and pave the way for the further research work. Understanding the socio-economic costs of landslides helps the governmental officials, policy makers, emergency managers to make more informed decisions on how to provide disaster assistance and relief immediately after landslides, how to allocate money for landslide prevention in future, how to do repair and maintenance work and to estimate the cost and benefit of resettlement program for the landslides victims.
Investment on livelihood approaches to DRR is cost effective (English, PDF, 1.5Mb)
Cost-benefit analysis of activities on improving livelihood assets showed that improvements in the livelihoods of communities increase their resilience capacities and benefits exceed the cost of investment. The study provides a systematic cost-benefit analysis of a community-based disaster risk management project led by Practical Action in two districts of Nepal over the period 2007 to 2010. Under cautious assumptions about the long-term impacts of the project initiatives, the overall benefit-cost ratio ranges from 1.13 to 1.45, while under moderately optimistic assumptions the estimated benefit cost ratio is up to 2.04. The internal rate of return of the project is between 22.2 and 26.3 percent. These findings indicate that the livelihood-centred approach to disaster risk reduction adopted in this project has resulted in a significant net contribution to the economic welfare of the target communities and delivered value for money.
Establishing Community Based Early Warning System - Practitioner's Handbook (English, PDF, 896k)
Establishing Community Based Early Warning System - Facilitator's Guide (English, PDF, 758k)
Scaling up Early Warning Systems in Nepal - case studies and good practices (English, PDF, 2.5Mb)
The Practitioner’s Handbook and Facilitators Guide on community based early warning systems is an effort to put together the early warning learning experiences from the field and communities in Nepal for wider use to establish community based early warning systems in flood prone areas of Nepal. The Practitioner’s Handbook is available as a reading material for the participants, including learning tips in bullet points so that the participants can use the points in the field while facilitating the establishment of Early Warning Systems (EWS). The handbook further includes references to various articles and resource books plus a DVD with additional resource material which the facilitator can make use of for the training.
Strengthening livelihood capacities to disaster risk reduction: compilation of change studies (English, PDF, 1.8Mb)
This book documents the lessons learned during the Livelihood Centred Approaches to Disaster Risk Reduction project in the Chitwan and Nawalparasi districts of Nepal. It describes the prevailing physical, institutional and socio-economic context, and details the activities and its interventions.
Understanding disaster management in practice (English, PDF, 3.6Mb)
Understanding disaster management in practice (Nepali, PDF, 3.6Mb)
Communities are not passive victims waiting for disasters to strike, but rather have the capacity to build their resilience to disasters. This book documents lessons learned during the implementation of the Livelihood Centred Approaches to Disaster Management project in Nepal. It describes the prevailing physical, institutional and socio-economic context and details of activities and interventions. It describes how participatory hazard and vulnerability analysis leads to the development of community development plans while accounting prevalent future risks. Improved and diversified livelihood strategies, including the adoption of new income generating opportunities have increased incomes, food security, better health and resilience of targeted communities while reducing their exposure to prevailing future hazards. The aftermath of project implementation reveals that a livelihood centered approach reduces both poverty and vulnerability.
Disaster Management in Nepal: needs for improvement - lessons learned from community-based disaster risk reduction (Nepali, PDF, 3Mb)
Policies and practices are generally focused on larger disastrous events, rescue and relief. But small hazard sources, if neglected and not mitigated in time, grow into severe hazards beyond communities’ capacity to cope. This document explores gaps and appropriate direction to disaster management in Nepal at both policy and practice. It is the outcome of learning at work and a review of different approaches and concepts on disaster management.
Communcation channel and contact points for Nawalparasi and Chitwan
These documents, in Nepali, depict contact points in the flood gauge station in the upstream to various agencies responsible for disaster management along the bank to the downstream and district level authorities to disseminate information of flood risk in advance as part of early warning systems to the flood in Nawalparasi and Chitwan districts, south central Nepal. More ...
Early Warning Saving Lives (English, PDF, 1.6 MB)
This publication helps summarise Practical Action’s learning in Early Warning Systems (EWS) and offers practical insight in to how such systems can be replicated and developed elsewhere.
Community Based Disaster Management Plan - Chitwan (Nepali, PDF, 4.98 MB)
The disaster management plan of vulnerable VDCs and a municipality of Chitwan district in Nepal includes separate plans of each 31 village development committees and a municipality. This book is result of series of interactions among communities in the VDC and stakeholders’ workshops in a group of VDCs.
Community Based Disaster Management Plan - Nawalparasi (Nepali, PDF, 4.4 MB)
The disaster management plan of vulnerable VDCs (category 1 and 2) of Nawalparasi district in Nepal includes separate plans of 26 village development committees. This book is result of series of interactions among communities in the VDC and stakeholders’ workshops in a group of VDCs.
Disaster Risk Reduction Policy Brief (Nepali. PDF, 759k)
The document, in Nepali, depicts process of community based disaster management planning at community and VDC level. This is based on the joint work in two districts in Nepal in collaborative efforts of district governments, village governments, projects and NGOs. A more elaborated version is also available in English.
Practical approaches on community based disaster management planning (English, PDF, 487k)
The document provides information on process and methods on CBDM planning based on practical experiences in Nepal. Government and civil society organizations were involved in the process.
Livelihood Centred Approaches to Disaster Risk Reduction (Nepali, PDF, 1.6 MB)
This brief note describes disaster, disaster risk, and its management in the cycle, ie. before, during and post disaster situations. It looks at livelihood assets and how a poverty-pressed family gets into vicious circle of poverty, and how stronger livelihoods provide supports to resilience, before examining activities to enhance livelihoods that enhance resilience capacity of vulnerable families.
Mainstreaming Livelihood Centred Approaches to Disaster Risk Reduction (English and Nepali, PDF, 361 KB)
An illustrated project information brochure in English and Nepali, outlining the Mainstreaming Livelihood Centred Approaches to Disaster Risk Reduction project methodology and expected outputs.
Strengthening livelihood capacities to disaster risk reduction (English, PDF, 94 KB)
A more detailed report on the Mainstreaming Livelihood Centred Approaches to Disaster Risk Reduction project.
Temporal and Spatial Variability of Climate Change Over Nepal 1976-2005 (English, PDF, 5.03 MB)
A comprehensive study of temperature and precipitation of Nepal was conducted to see the signs of climate change across geographical areas and over seasons. Monthly precipitation data from 166 stations and monthly temperature records from 44 stations for the period of 30 years (1976-2005) over Nepal were considered in this study. Through the use of these data, temporal and spatial variations of precipitation and temperature were analysed. Climatic maps were prepared for various ecological zones and for the whole of Nepal.
Helping the Poorest to Survive- Promoting Adaptation to Climate Change (English, PDF, 1.29 MB)
This paper briefly reviews climate change and its impacts at national and local levels in Nepal, which indicate climate uncertainties are sure in the coming years. The paper also highlights adaptation strategy and areas for action at community level based on the experiences of Practical Action in Nepal.
Shallow Tube Well Construction (Nepali, PDF, 1.3 MB)
This document in Nepali provides information on the construction of shallow tube well by a group of small landholding farmers in the Tarai region in Nepal. It states different methods of boring and accessing technical and financial inputs from underground water irrigation project offices of the ministry of water resources and district agriculture offices in the region. This is based on the DRR project experience while working with communities and NGOs, in Chitwan district in particular. Underground water irrigation project of the ministry of water resources and district agriculture development office in Chitwan provided information on policies and advices to prepare this book.
On 25 April 2015 a massive earthquake hit Nepal. Many people we work with in three of our projects in Gorkha, Pokhara and Kathmandu were seriously affected. Our staff delivered emergency help with sanitation, hygiene, drinking water, energy and shelter, and we are now planning reconstruction.
We are helping people rebuild their houses with earthquake resilient technologies, and we will continue to support communities to be resilient in the future, with infrastructure work for drinking water, sanitation and energy, and disaster-preparedness.