The trend of urbanization is growing rapidly all around the world. Lack of facilities and opportunities for people living in the rural areas, and a hope of a better life have prompted thousands of rural inhabitants to migrate to the urban centres. It is estimated that, by the end of 2025, more than 75 per cent of the global population will be living in urban areas, with at least 40 per cent of this population having no access to basic infrastructure services such as water, sanitation and waste collection. Nepal remains no exception to this, with an urban population of three per cent in 1954 which has increased by more than 6 folds by 2012.
The trend of migration of rural people to the urban cities in search of better opportunities is on the rise in Nepal. Either in quest of better education or career advancement or even for security reasons, people from remote areas of the country continue to migrate to cities adding to already chaotic urban life. This has posed a number of challenges such as waste management, limited health and sanitation services, inadequate drinking water supply, poor infrastructure services, unplanned settlements and poor road network. Similarly, growing urbanisation has increased the number of urban poor. The first of the problems faced by the migrants is that of adequate housing. With limited economic resources, education, and few marketable skills, one easy option available to many urban migrants is to built shelter on a vacant piece of land and become slum dwellers.
Delivering Decentralisation: slum dwellers' access to decision-making for pro-poor infrastructure services
Slum dwellers' access to decision-making for pro-poor infrastructure services
In such context, Practical Action is implementing “Delivering Decentralisation: slum dwellers' access to decision-making for pro-poor infrastructure services” project funded by the European Union to empower urban slum dwellers to engage effectively in decision making and delivery of improved urban services in Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.
In Nepal, Practical Action is implementing the project in partnership with LUMANTI – Support Group for Shelter.
The project is being implemented in Bharatpur and Butwal municipalities of Rupandehi and Chitwan Districts of Nepal. The main target group of the project are the slum dwellers and their organisations, city-level forums and the local authorities.
The objective of the project is to promote systems of decentralised urban governance so that slum dwellers are empowered to engage effectively in decision-making and delivery of improved urban services. By building capacity and linkages of both the slum dwellers and local authorities, the project not only aims to improve the lives of slum dwellers but also enhance the service delivery of urban governance. The slum dwellers will then be able to formulate participatory plans, address their priority needs and ensure that the funding earmarked for the service delivery is utilised properly.
The project aims to deliver infrastructure services in partnership with relevant stakeholders in community-led ways which will boost the income level and improve urban environment.
The project duration is 48 months starting from April 2012 and ending on March 2016.
Urban environment projects in Nepal
In some rural areas of Nepal, people defecate in fields, rivers and other open spaces instead of using a toilet which can lead to diseases such as cholera, diarrhoea and worms. This happens either because they don't have access to a toilet or because they lack understanding about sanitation.Read more
Delivering Decentralisation: The main objective of the project was to empower slum dwellers in Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka to engage effectively in decision making process and delivery of improved services at local level. More than 40,000 men and women in the 82 slums and their organisations ...Read more