Practical Action Consulting: DFID CEIL PEAKS frameworks

DFID CEIL PEAKES frameworks

Client: DFID
Regions: International
Lead Office: PAC UK

DFID Climate, Environment, Infrastructure and Livelihoods (CEIL) Professional Evidence and Applied Knowledge Services (PEAKS) frameworks. 
 

Work carried out by PAC team under this framework:

1. Climate and Environment Assessment - Trade and Global Value Chains (TGVC) Initiative (2013-15)

Practical Action was requested by DFID to carry out a climate and environmental assessment as part of the Business Case for the Trade and Global Value Chains Initiative.  The UK will provide up to £3.8 million to support increased and better employment opportunities, as well as improved incomes and working conditions (termed social upgrading) within the horticulture and garment sector value chains in Kenya, South Africa and Bangladesh.  The preferred option for undertaking this intervention is a ‘catalytic fund,’ which is an innovative hybrid of the ‘Making Markets work for the Poor (M4P) approach and the challenge fund approach.  Through limited country facilitation, it will enable and encourage value chain actors to identify and work on issues of social upgrading in the value chains. The  consultant carried out a Climate and Environmental Assessment of this Business Case and i) defined the climate and environmental context; ii) applied an amended Climate and Environmental Sensitivity Analysis (to identify climate and environmental impacts and opportunities); iii) assigned a final risk categorisation;  and v) prepared the climate and environment assurance note.

2. Climate and Enviroment appraisal - MENA Enterprise Mentoring Initiative

Practical Action Consulting was requested by DFID to carry out a climate and environmental appraisal (in line with the DFID “How to Note”) for the Deauville Partnership Small and Medium-Sized Enterprise (SME) Mentoring Initiative for the Middle East and North Africa (MENA).  The initiative, a joint collaboration between DFID and the FCO has two components:  1) 12 months of mentoring support for up to 250 entrepreneurs in transition countries; and ii) sharing with the transition country governments, knowledge and expertise on best practice national mentoring policy and programming.  The consultant completed the draft climate and environmental assessment by identifying high-level climate and environmental impacts/opportunities, confirming the final risk categorisation and drafting a climate and environment assurance note. 

3. Transport Investment and Research Statistics

This study highlights the great discrepancy between funds allocated to transport research compared to transport infrastructure. The amounts invested in road, rail, ports or waterways and airport infrastructure is discussed in terms of tens of millions to billions of USD. In contrast the expenditure on transport research rarely rises above a few million USD. This is in contrast to the accumulated evidence that transport research reaps benefits that are often an order of magnitude greater than the initial costs incurred.
The work also highlights a similar tendency in agriculture, where spending on research makes up but a tiny fraction of the overall investments. Overall it is clear that there exists a significant discrepancy between the funds allocated for transport infrastructure and those for research. The study indicates that it would be beneficial to allocate a larger share of the funding allocations to research activities, as these would no doubt lead to significant benefits for the investments in transport infrastructure made further down the line

The Brief:
To identify statistics that highlight the shortage of transport research compared to the large sums invested in transport infrastructure.  Specifically DFID would like to use the following statistics to illustrate this point:

•        US $ invested in transport in LICs per annum (then split this per mode of transport)
•        US $ invested in transport by example MICs per annum
•        Examples of where transport is in the top 3 spends in LICs and what the figures are (again split by mode)
•        US  $ invested in LIC related transport research per annum
•        US $ invested in either agriculture, health or education and the related research spend (so as to make a comparison between sectors).

The consultant was  required to identify and collate the data listed above to prepare a short report, ensuring the figures are robust and in the right scale of magnitude
 

4. GPAF Climate and enviroment assessment

Practical Action Consulting was requested by DFID to carry out a climate and environmental assessment as part of the Business Case for the Global Poverty Action Fund (GPAF).  This is a demand-led challenge fund, which was launched in October 2010 to help reduce poverty and meet the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) through funding projects focusing on:

i) service delivery

ii) empowerment, accountability and conflict reduction

iii) security and justice at the grass roots level. 

As part of Phase I, the challenge fund provided £120 million over three years (2010-2013) to small and medium Civil Society Organisations (CSOs) through either tried and tested interventions or more innovative approaches under one of two funding windows (Community Partnerships or Impact Windows).  The Climate and Environmental Assessment carried out by the consultant defined the climate and environmental context, applied an amended Climate and Environmental Sensitivity Analysis (to identify climate and environmental impacts and opportunities) and assigned a final risk categorisation. 

5. Forests and Climate Change (FCC) Peer Review

Practical Action Consulting  was requested by DFID to carry out a review of the gender and social elements of the “Forests and Climate Change” (FCC) business case.  The business case focuses on a series of interventions, which encourage governments and in particular the private sector, to build greater value in standing forests and address the agricultural drivers of deforestation in support of climate change, poverty and biodiversity objectives.

The review summarised the findings for social and gender issues in terms of the:

i) the strengths of the business case;

ii) weaknesses and gaps in particular the identification of impacts, risks and opportunities;

 iii) recommendations for strengthening the business case in terms of management measures and safeguards.  The review found that although the treatment of social issues was fairly comprehensive, additional detail was required on gender issues.

A detailed reference list signposting key documents on social and gender issues linked to interventions tackling deforestation was also collated in a separate document. This can be used as a resource in the preparation of future business cases.
 

6. Review of Climate and Environment Assessment and Draft of Climate and Environment Assurance Note for Business Case for Tackling Acid and Burns Violence: ASTI Asia Regional Programme (April 2013 – March 2016)

PAC was requested by DFID to carry out a climate and environmental assessment as part of the Business Case for Tackling Acid and Burns Violence in Asia.  DFID will provide an Accountable Grant to Acid Survivors Trust International (ASTI) to support  survivors of acid and burns violence in Nepal and Pakistan by: i) strengthening services (e.g. medical and legal); ii) providing support (e.g. rehabilitation and reintegration); and ii) preventing further attacks (e.g. through awareness programmes, media attention and prevention campaigns).  The consultant carried out a Climate and Environmental Assessment of this Business Case which involved defining the climate and environmental context; applying a Climate and Environmental Sensitivity Analysis (to identify climate and environmental impacts and opportunities); assigning a final risk categorisation; and preparing the climate and environment assurance note. 

7. Climate and Environment Assessment: Building an Evidence Base in Yemen (Oct 2012 )

PAC as requested by DFID to carry out a climate and environmental assessment as part of the Business Case for building an evidence base in Yemen, by funding a nationally representative survey to gather high quality data on key poverty indicators and living conditions.  The Climate and Environmental Assessment carried out by the consultant identified climate and environment impacts, as well as opportunities, and added this evidence to the business case, with a clear conclusion that such high quality data was most likely to contribute to strong climate and environment opportunities.   

8. Climate and Environmental Appraisal for DFID business case: Rapid Social Response Programme 9 Dec 2012)

PAC was requested by DFID to carry out a climate and environmental appraisal as part of the Business Case for the Rapid Social Response Programme Multi-Donor Trust Fund (RSR-MDTF).  The RSR programme, established in 2009 by the World Bank in response to the food, fuel and financial crisis, operates as a challenge fund designed to enable rapid deployment of expertise in response to Government proposals to: i) strengthen social protection systems; ii) build knowledge and skills to deliver social protection; and iii) protect basic services in times of crises.  The consultant developed and completed the draft climate and environmental assessment by identifying high-level climate and environmental impacts/opportunities and confirming the final risk categorisation

9. CEA for the Business Case for Core Support to the International Security Advisory Team (ISSAT) 2013 – 2015 and drafting of the C&E Assurance Note

PAC was requested by DFID to carry out a climate and environmental assessment as part of the Business Case for supporting ISSAT.  DFID will make another core contribution to ISSAT to help deliver: i) expertise for the development of security and justice (S & J) programmes overseas; and ii) a forum for policy and programme co-ordination across the international community.  The expected impact is improved security and justice services to poor people in conflict-affected and fragile states.  The consultant carried out a Climate and Environmental Assessment of this Business Case which involved defining the climate and environmental context; applying a Climate and Environmental Sensitivity Analysis (to identify climate and environmental impacts and opportunities); assigning a final risk categorisation; and preparing the climate and environment assurance note.  The preferred intervention option was assigned a category “D” on the basis that DFID is providing “core funding” to a multilateral and this resulted in a recommendation that appropriate climate and environmental safeguards are developed.

10. RAPID REVIEW AND STAKEHOLDER CONSULTATION ON THE POTENTIAL OF NGOS TO BUILD RESILIENCE TO CLIMATE EXTREMES AND DISASTERS IN THE SAHEL

PAC was requested by DFID to complete a rapid review and stakeholder consultation on the potential of NGOs to build resilience to disaster risk reduction in the Sahel. The UK will provide finance through the International Climate Fund (ICF) to deliver interventions in several countries, including five in the Sahel, that are most at risk of climate extremes. The activities, which are expected to reach several million beneficiaries, will be delivered through grants to non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and their partners (among other channels) through the Building Resilience and Adaptation to Climate Extremes and Disasters (BRACED) programme.

The rapid review included a consultation with a sample of NGO representatives to gather evidence about pipeline activities on community based resilience; mapping of NGO activities in the Sahel against potential impacts and outcomes of the BRACED programme Business Case and; identification of potential activities, funding gaps, beneficiaries and results. The rapid review carried out by the consultant identified a clear demand in the NGO resilience community for support to scale-up resilience-building initiatives in the Sahel. It identified a range of planned and on-going resilience-building projects being designed or implemented in the Sahel and other regions, which could be scaled-up in the countries of Mali, Niger, Burkina Faso, Mauritania or Chad if support became available. A second, more detailed phase of work was recommended to examine a greater sample of NGOs. This was recommended for DFID to determine an accurate picture of success and scalability of activities that are building resilience to climate extremes and disasters in the Sahel and in other vulnerable countries.
 

Visit the Evidence on Demand website for more information

Evidence on Demand is a new information hub for DFID advisers and other development professionals working in the fields of climate, the environment, infrastructure and livelihoods. The website provides free access to a wealth of high-quality knowledge products and resources through its fully searchable document library. There are also pages detailing how organisations can commission desk-based expertise through Evidence on Demand’s rapid-response Helpdesk, or longer-term technical expertise through its Consultancy Services facility.  All Evidence on Demand services are quality-assured and experts are drawn from well-respected academic and development-focused institutions in the North and South. PAC  is a key partner in the initiative.

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