Climate change work will focus on the adaptation mechanisms across all programmes. Practical Action Sudans’ projects have an environmental element as we consider the effects to the environment in all of our work and seek interventions that benefit the environment as well as the communities. Our objective is to have built the resilience of communities in Blue Nile, North Darfur, Kassala and Gedarif to the effects of climate change by 2017.
The results of climate change are having a devastating effect on the poorest communities in Sudan with drought and flash floods causing prolonged food insecurity as harvests fail or crops are destroyed. Limited natural resources, particularly water, are also exasperating conflict particularly between pastoralists and sedentary communities. There is a risk that the continuation of some of the emergency oriented interventions implemented by humanitarian actors, particularly in Darfur, might lead to negative effect on the environment e.g. with underground water levels dropping significantly and brickmaking and other income generating activities (IGAs) contributing to greenhouse gases.
All of our projects have an environmental element as we consider the effects to the environment in all of our work and seek interventions that benefit the environment as well as the communities. Our energy programme is focused on reducing the use of wood and charcoal for fuel given the negatives affects this has on the environment in the form of deforestation and harmful emissions when burnt. The DRR component of our food security programme will focus on preparing communities to be resilient to the effects of climate change with for example, water harvesting methods, early warning mechanisms, drought resistant seed varieties, seed storage banks. Our waste management programme will seek ways of recycling waste to try to reduce the amount of waste that is burnt thereby reducing carbon emissions or degraded in the fertile soil.