Boiling Point

Household energy journal

Boiling Point is a journal for those working with stoves and household energy. It deals with technical, social, financial and environmental issues and aims to improve the quality of life for poor communities living in the developing world.

Boiling Point was created in 1982 by Practical Action (then ITDG) who published the first 52 issues. Back issues from issue 45 to 52 are available on this page. All issues, from 1 to 56 are available via the HEDON website.

Boiling Point is now published by HEDON.

All correspondence should be addressed to:
Boiling Point, c/o Eco Ltd
PO Box 900, London, Bromley, BR1 9FF, United Kingdom
Tel +44 (0) 20 7193 3699, Fax +44 (0) 870 137 2360 and +44 (0) 70 9236 7695

Issue 56, focussing on Liquid Fuels in the Household, is now available from the Hedon website.

Boiling Point 52
Health, safety and household energy

Health and climate impacts of solid fuels - Spreading biomass stove technologies - Pollution in rural Zimbabwe - Direct contact hazards of cookstoves - Alcohol stoves in refugee communities - Inkawasi stoves in Peru - Rocket Lorena stoves in Uganda - CSD14 - Effects of ventilation - Methanol stoves in Nigeria - Solar cooking - Fuel briquettes from waste - Charcoal from agricultural residues

Boiling Point 51
Sharing information and communicating knowledge

Upesi rural stoves - Locally-made solar panels for small appliances - Sharing knowledge and spreading information using the Internet - Promoting solar cookers - Improved cookstove experiences from India - Rocket stove in Southern Africa and Uganda - Improving life for rural communities in the Tibet - Financing watermill upgrades Solar home systems in Southern India - Human cost of fuel-switching in Addis Ababa - International Workshop on Rural Energy, Stoves, and Indoor Air Quality in China - Charcoal production in Uganda - High-altitude smokeless metal stoves

Boiling Point 50
Scaling up and commercialisation of household energy initiatives

Scaling up biogas in Nepal - Ten top tips for successful scaling up - Rocket stoves for sub-Saharan Africa - Designing stoves for mass production - The Ecostove - Promoting improved household energy in China - Is gender a key variable? - Strengthening community partnerships - Dissemination of solar home systems in Vietnam - Dissemination of improved fuels and stoves through rural enterprises and institutional partnerships - Project Gaia - Public private partnerships for accessing electricity - WHO and UNDP highlight indoor smoke

Boiling Point 49
Forests, fuel and food

Sustainable commercial firewood in Brazil and Nicaragua - Super-insulated housing for Northern Asia - Insulative ceramics for improved cooking stoves - Policy decisions to conserve forest reserves in Tanzania - Fuelling development - Linking rural energy transitions and developmental needs in India - Decentralized household energy planning in India - Livelihoods in the urban biomass sector - Toll on human resources in rural North India - Gender dimensions in household energy

Boiling Point 48
Household energy and poverty reduction

Getting to know the change agents - Strengthening NGOs and CBOs - Sustainable Urban Livelihoods Framework - Links between energy, poverty and gender - Participatory approaches for alleviating indoor air pollution in rural Kenya - Impact of energy infrastructure projects on poverty - Improved stoves as a means of poverty alleviation - Indian stove programme - Energy efficient housing to benefit South African households - Solar stove technologies in South Africa - Solar PV for poverty reduction in Bangladesh - Rice husk - an alternative fuel in Peru - Plant-oil cooking stove for developing countries

Boiling Point 47
Household energy and enterprise

Entrepreneurs by choice or necessity? - Modernization of small business through the Ecostove in Nicaragua - Upesi stoves in west Kenya - Poverty reduction via improved stoves programmes - Energy and street food vendors - Using integrated biogas technology in China - Sugar cane trash as a household fuel - Brewing rural beer - Options for drying on a small scale - Promoting small scale enterprises in rural communities in Nigeria - Timber ban and its effect on Himalayan rural women - A biogas plant for the digestion of fresh undiluted cattle dung - Increasing fuel efficiency and reducing harmful emissions in traditional cooking stoves

Boiling Point 46
Household energy and the vulnerable

The handicapped in a disadvantaged community - Strengthening village and neighbourhood organisations - Women with disabilities - Energy needs in a high altitude conflict zone - Coping mechanisms of internally displaced people in Angola - AIDS a threat to biomass energy conservation - The needs of women suffering mental illness in India - Barriers to the adoption of specific domestic energy strategies - Learning to listen to the poor - Funding for clean technology through the Climate Convention - The Sustainable Livelihoods approach - Improved stoves for preventing deforestation - The watermill battery charger

Boiling Point 45
Low-cost electrification

Rural energy development in Nepal - Community micro-hydro power in Kenya - Tariffs for rural grid electrification - Fuel for lighting - Demand side management for rural Nepal - 'Micro-privatising' rural power distribution in India - Electricity for the urban poor - Windpower: Small is beautiful - Sustainable photovoltaic solar energy in Brazil - Rural electrification in Nepal - From candles to compact fluorescents - Consumer response to mobile solar water heating - Clay grate development

Please send all correspondence to: Boiling Point, c/o Eco Ltd, PO Box 900, London, Bromley, BR1 9FF, United Kingdom. Tel +44 (0) 20 7193 3699, Fax +44 (0) 870 137 2360 and +44 (0) 70 9236 7695. Email:

HEDON (Household Energy Development Organizations Network)
Practical Action is a core member of the Household Energy Development Organizations Network (HEDON), set up in 1992 to act as a focal point for those working in the field in household energy. It aims to promote links among the diverse organizations working in this field, including NGOs, government agencies, and consultancies.

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