Nodepage

Biofuels

The current energy system is not sustainable for the environmental impacts generated and inequity in distribution. In Peru, 45% of primary energy comes from oil and 30% from the wood. In cities like Lima, fossil fuel use also causes serious air pollution problems with the emission of greenhouse gases.

In the Peruvian Amazon, the most remote villages have limited access to electricity due to the difficulty and high cost of extending electrical distribution network in this area.

In this context, a team from Practical Action and Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina-UNALM, with support from the National Council of Science, Technology and Innovation-CONCYTEC, is studying biodiesel - renewable fuel derived from vegetable oils or animal fats that can used pure or mixed with diesel - as a clean energy option and affordable for the country.

Two scenarios have been evaluated for its production:

  • handmade in Amazonian communities for energy from oils of local species, and
  • development in cities to reduce emissions from diesel vehicles by recycling used vegetable oils.

Comprehensive assessment for the promotion of renewable energy sources as an alternative to improve the quality of life of isolated populations of the Amazon in Latin America

Purpose: To promote a validated model for the provision of energy services that enable the establishment of social services and sustainable livelihoods, by local and regional governments, in isolated communities in the Amazon, using renewable energy sources and based on the planning and implementation of pilot projects with local governments of provinces bordering Ecuador and Peru.
Period: 2010 - 2011
Location: border areas of Ecuador and Peru
Financial: GIZ
Amount: €184,304

Pilot production of biofuels for energy supply of small farmers in remote areas of Amazon rainforest

Purpose: To validate and disseminate a given technological and organizational energy self-sufficiency from the sustainable management of local natural resources such as biofuels biomass in small isolated populations of the Peruvian Amazon
Period: 2010-2011
Location: Irazola District, Padre Abad province, Ucayali (Peru)
Beneficiaries: 31 families of New Caserío Satipo
Financial: CORDAID
Amount: $53,000

Bioenergy access for communities of the Peruvian Amazon

Purpose: To contribute to the reduction in poverty levels in isolated and scattered communities in the Peruvian Amazon, and thus demonstrate the technical, social, economic and environmental self-energy model based on the local production of vegetable oil Jatropha and biogas from biomass to produce electricity for the promotion of domestic, social and productive use, while improving income levels through the articulation of small producers in the local market Jatropha biodiesel
Period: 2010-2012
Location: Huimbayoc district, province of San Martin, in the San Martin (Peru)
Beneficiaries: 224 people in the community of Santa Rosillo
Financial: FACT - Foundation and Cordaid
Amount: €299,355

Pilot production of small scale biodiesel in remote areas of the Amazon rainforest

Purpose: This project tube core business is conducting a pilot biodiesel production in the grounds of the Farmers Association of New Tiwinsa in Ucayali. The project hopes to prove the technologies developed by Practical Action and the Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina (UNALM) for biodiesel production in isolated communities, develop a management system suitable for riders of biofuels and economic feasibility study, technology social and utilization of this biofuel in isolated
Period: 2008-2009
Location: Ucayali (Peru)
Financial: Directorate General for International Cooperation (DGIS) of the Netherlands
Partner: New Farmers Association Tiwinsa

Innovation and research in renewable energy technologies (IITER)

Purpose: This project seek innovation and research in renewable energy technologies, especially considering favor of the poorest and most isolated country. Right now we are working on the technical development of new innovations in microarogeneradores, improving security mechanisms and developing a new regulator, as well as river turbines, motors as generators in implementing these
Location: Peru
Period: 2007 onwards
Financial: Directorate General for International Cooperation (DGIS) of the Netherlands
Partner: University of Catalonia (UPC)
Amount: $97,515

Dehydration of ethanol on a small scale biodiesel production in isolated populations of the Amazon rainforest

Purpose: To help solve the major turning point that prevents biodiesel (renewable fuel derived from organic oils or fats) Have a clean energy source economically and socially viable in isolated jungle areas: access to anhydrous ethanol (with purity greater than 99.5%)
Period: 2003-2007
Location: Lima and Amazon
Beneficiaries: The beneficiaries of this applied research potential: urban dwellers exposed to air pollution, residents of isolated villages in the Amazon rainforest without easy access to fuel, oil smallholders
Financial: National Council for Science, Technology and Innovation (CONCYTEC)
Partner: Universidad Agraria La Molina (UNALM)

Options for biodiesel production in Peru

Purpose: To develop, evaluate and promote sustainable production systems of small-scale biodiesel from native species for the provision of clean energy in the Peruvian jungle and reuse of edible oils production and use of biodiesel to significantly cut pollutant emissions and greenhouse gases from transport in urban areas
Period: 2003-2007
Location: Lima and Amazon
Beneficiaries: The beneficiaries of this applied research potential: urban dwellers exposed to air pollution, residents of isolated villages in the Amazon rainforest without easy access to fuel, oil smallholders
Financial: National Council for Science, Technology and Innovation (CONCYTEC)

Production of biodiesel from used vegetable oils: bases for sustainable production in UNALM

Purpose: Ensure continuous biodiesel production system of UNALM through training of personnel in charge, improvement and regular monitoring and evaluation process of the fuel quality and monitoring the behavior of the "Biodiesel Bus '
Period: 2004-2005
Location: Lima
Beneficiaries: Students and teachers of UNALM (Universidad Agraria La Molina)
Financial: UNALM
Amount: 10, 692 soles

Designing a sustainable system of production and use of biodiesel suitable for isolated populations of the Amazon

Purpose: To design a sustainable system of production and use of biodiesel for isolated populations of the Peruvian Amazon, considering inputs best suited for this purpose and tested its performance as a fuel for river transport and domestic and productive activities
Period: 2004-2005
Beneficiaries: Residents of isolated villages in the Amazon rainforest providing a new alternative for access to a clean source of energy. They are also potential users of research results, oil mills located in this region, communities dedicated to ecotourism, and numerous forest concessionaires
Financial: CONCYTEC
Amount: 33,991 soles

Launch of the first green bus powered by biodiesel in Peru

Purpose: To enhance the technology for transforming used cooking oil into biodiesel, and test the quality and fuel efficiency obtained
Period: 2004
Location: Lima
Beneficiaries: Students and teachers of UNALM (Universidad Agraria La Molina)
Financial: Universidad Agraria La Molina (UNALM)
Amount: UNALM S/.3 455; Practical Action S /. 6400

Production of small scale biodiesel from oilseed Amazonian resources

Purpose: To implement a permanent system of reuse of waste oils from dining hall for biodiesel production and supply of a bus fleet UNALM
Period: 2003-2004
Location: Lima and Amazon
Beneficiaries: The natural potential users of research are the people living in villages isolated from the Amazon, who could access the technology developed to provide a new alternative energy from local resources and without prejudice to its inhabitants
Financial: National Council for Science, Technology and Innovation (CONCYTEC)
Partner: Universidad Agraria La Molina (UNALM) Y Candela Peru
Amount: S /. 24.851

See also:

Renewable energy

The only option for providing electricity to remote communities in Latin America is through non-conventional systems, using renewable energy sources such as water (small, micro and picocentrales hydro), wind (wind turbines) and the sun (photovoltaic modules).

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